See also:American general, was
See also:born in Boston, Massachusetts, of Scottish-Irish parentage, on the 25th of
See also:July 1750 . He was prominent in the colonial militia and tried to keep the Boston
See also:crowd and the
See also:British soldiers from the clash known as the Boston
See also:massacre (177o) . In 1771 he opened the "
See also:Store " in Boston . He had read much of tactics and
See also:strategy, joined the American army at the outbreak of the War of Independence, and fought at Bunker
See also:Hill, planned the defences of the camps of the army before Boston, and brought from Lake
See also:George and border forts much-needed
See also:artillery . At Trenton he crossed the
See also:river before the
See also:body, and in the attack rendered such
See also:good service that he was made brigadier-general and chief of artillery in the
See also:Continental army on the following
See also:day . He was
See also:present at
See also:Princeton; was chiefly responsible for the
See also:mistake in attacking the " Chew
See also:House " at German-
See also:town; urged New
See also:York as the
See also:objective of the
See also:campaign of 1778; served with efficiency at
See also:Monmouth and at
See also:Yorktown; and after the surrender of Cornwallis was promoted major--general, and served as a
See also:commissioner on the
See also:exchange of prisoners . His services throughout the war were of
See also:great value to the American cause; he was one of General
See also:Washington's most trusted advisers, and he brought the artillery to a high degree of efficiency . From
See also:December 1783 until
See also:June 1784 he was the
See also:senior officer of the
See also:United States army . In
See also:April 1783 he had drafted a
See also:scheme of a society to be formed by the American
See also:officers and the French officers who had served in
See also:America during the war, and to be called the "
See also:Cincinnati "; of this society he was the first secretary-general (1783–1799) and in 1805 became
See also:president-general . In 1785–1794 Knox was secretary of war, being the first man to hold this position after the organization of the Federal
See also:government in 1789 . He urged ineffectually a
See also:national militia
See also:system, to enroll all citizens over 18 and under 6o in the " advanced
See also:corps," the " main corps " or the " reserve," and for this and his close friendship with Washington was bitterly assailed by the Republicans . In 1793 he had begun to build his house,
See also:Montpelier, at Thomaston, Maine, where he speculated unsuccessfully in the holdings of the Eastern
See also:Land Association; and he lived there until his
See also:death on the 25th of
See also:October 1806 .
See F . S .Drake, Memoir of General
See also:Henry Knox (Boston, 1873) ; and Noah Brooks, Henry Knox (New York, 1900) in the " American Men of Energy " series .
SIR JAMES KNOWLES (1831-1908)
JOHN KNOX (c. 1505–1572)
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