KOHISTAN , a
See also:tract of
See also:country on the
See also:Peshawar border of the
See also:North-West Frontier Province of India . Kohistan means the " country of the hills " and corresponds to the
See also:English word
See also:highlands; but it is specially applied to a
See also:district, which is very little known, to the south and west of
See also:Chilas, between the Kagan valley and the
See also:Indus . It comprises an
See also:area of over 1000 sq. m., and is bounded on the N.W. by the river Indus, on the N.E. by Chilas, and on the S. by Kagan, the Chor Glen and Allai . It consists roughly of two
See also:main valleys
See also:running east and west, and separated from each other by a
See also:mountain range over 16,000 ft. high . Like the mountains of Chilas, those in Kohistan are
See also:snow-bound and rocky wastes from their crests downwards to 12,000 ft . Below this the hills are covered with
See also:forest and grass to 5000 or 6000 ft., and in the valleys, especially near the Indus, are fertile basins under cultivation . The Kohistanis are Mahommedans, but not of
See also:race, and appear to be closely allied to the Chilasis . They are a well-built, brave but quiet
See also:people who carry on a
See also:trade with
See also:British districts, and have never given the
See also:government much trouble . There is little doubt that the Kohistanis are, like the Kafirs of
See also:Kafiristan, the remnants of old races driven by
See also:Mahommedan invasions from the valleys and plains into the higher mountains . The majority have been converted to
See also:Islam within the last 200 years . The
See also:total population is about 16,000 . An important district also known as Kohistan lies to the north of
See also:Kabul in
See also:Afghanistan, extending to the
See also:Hindu Kush .
The Kohistani Tajiks proved to be the most powerful and the best organized clans that opposed the British occupation of Kabul in 1879-80 .
See also:Part of their country is highly cultivated, abounding in fruit, and includes many important villages . It is here that the remains of an
See also:ancient city have been lately discovered by the amir's officials, which may prove to be the
See also:great city of
See also:Alexander's founding, known to be to the north of Kabul, but which had hitherto escaped
See also:identification . The name of Kohistan is also applied to a tract of barren and hilly country on the east border of
See also:Karachi district,
See also:Sind .
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