KOSSOVO , or Kosovo, a vilayet of
See also:Turkey, comprising the sanjak of
See also:Uskub in
See also:Macedonia, and the sanjaks of Prizren and Novibazar (q.v.) in
See also:Albania . Pop . (1905), about 1,100,000;
See also:area, 12,700 sq. m . For an account of the
See also:physical features of Kossovo, see ALBANIA and MACEDONIA . The inhabitants are chiefly Albanians and Slays, with smaller communities of Greeks,
See also:Vlachs and
See also:gipsies . A few
See also:good roads
See also:traverse the vilayet (see USKUB), and the railway from
See also:Salonica northward bifurcates at Uskub, the capital, one branch going to Mitrovitza in Albania, the other to
See also:Nish in
See also:Servia . Despite the undoubted
See also:wealth of the vilayet, the only mines working in 1907 were two chrome mines, at Orasha and Verbeshtitza . In the
See also:volume of its agricultural
See also:trade, however, Kossovo is unsurpassed by any
See also:Turkish province . The exports, worth about £950,000, include livestock, large quantities of
See also:grain and fruit,
See also:tobacco, vegetables, opium,
See also:hemp and skins .
See also:Rice is cultivated for
See also:consumption, and sericulture is a growing
See also:industry, encouraged by the Administration of the
See also:Debt . The yearly value of the imports is approximately £1,zoo,000; these include machinery and other manufactured goods, metals, groceries, chemical products and petroleum, which is used in the
See also:flour-mills and factories on account of the prohibitive price of
See also:coal . There is practically no trade with Adriatic ports; two-thirds of both exports and imports pass through Salonica, the
See also:remainder going by
See also:rail into Servia .
Thechief towns, Uskub (32,000), Prizren (30,000), Koprulii (22,000), Ishtib [Slay . Slip] (21,000), Novibazar (12,000) and
See also:Prishtina (11,000) are described in
See also:separate articles . In the
See also:middle ages the vilayet formed
See also:part of the Servian
See also:Empire, its northern districts are still known to the Serbs as Old Servia (Stara Srbiya) . The plain of Kossovo (Kossovopolje, "
See also:Field of Blackbirds "), a long valley lying west of Prishtina and watered by the Sibnitza, a tributary of the Servian Ibar, is famous in
See also:history and
See also:legend as the scene of the
See also:battle of Kossovo (1389), in which the power of Servia was destroyed by the Turks .
KOSLIN, or COSLIN
FERENCZ LAJOS AKOS KOSSUTH (1841– )
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