Online Encyclopedia

KOSSOVO

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 916 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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KOSSOVO  , or Kosovo, a vilayet of

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European
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Turkey, comprising the sanjak of
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Uskub in
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Macedonia, and the sanjaks of Prizren and Novibazar (q.v.) in
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northern
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Albania . Pop . (1905), about 1,100,000;
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area, 12,700 sq. m . For an account of the
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physical features of Kossovo, see ALBANIA and MACEDONIA . The inhabitants are chiefly Albanians and Slays, with smaller communities of Greeks,
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Turks,
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Vlachs and gipsies . A few good roads
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traverse the vilayet (see USKUB), and the railway from Salonica northward bifurcates at Uskub, the capital, one branch going to Mitrovitza in Albania, the other to Nish in
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Servia . Despite the undoubted
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mineral
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wealth of the vilayet, the only mines working in 1907 were two chrome mines, at Orasha and Verbeshtitza . In the
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volume of its agricultural trade, however, Kossovo is unsurpassed by any
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Turkish province . The exports, worth about £950,000, include livestock, large quantities of grain and fruit,
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tobacco, vegetables, opium, hemp and skins . Rice is cultivated for
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local consumption, and sericulture is a growing industry, encouraged by the Administration of the
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Ottoman Debt . The yearly value of the imports is approximately £1,zoo,000; these include machinery and other manufactured goods, metals, groceries, chemical products and petroleum, which is used in the
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flour-mills and factories on account of the prohibitive price of
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coal . There is practically no trade with Adriatic ports; two-thirds of both exports and imports pass through Salonica, the remainder going by
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rail into Servia .

The

chief towns, Uskub (32,000), Prizren (30,000), Koprulii (22,000), Ishtib [Slay . Slip] (21,000), Novibazar (12,000) and Prishtina (11,000) are described in
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separate articles . In the
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middle ages the vilayet formed
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part of the Servian
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Empire, its northern districts are still known to the Serbs as Old Servia (Stara Srbiya) . The plain of Kossovo (Kossovopolje, " Field of Blackbirds "), a long valley lying west of Prishtina and watered by the Sibnitza, a tributary of the Servian Ibar, is famous in
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Balkan
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history and legend as the scene of the
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battle of Kossovo (1389), in which the power of Servia was destroyed by the Turks .

End of Article: KOSSOVO
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KOSLIN, or COSLIN
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FERENCZ LAJOS AKOS KOSSUTH (1841– )

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