Online Encyclopedia

LAND

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 153 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LAND  , the

general
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term for that
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part of the earth's
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surface which is solid and dry as opposed to sea or
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water . The word is
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common to Teutonic
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languages, mainly in the same form and with essentially the same meaning . The
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Celtic cognate forms are Irish lann, Welsh Ilan, an enclosure, also in the sense of " church," and so of constant occurrence in Welsh place-names, Cornish lan and Breton lann,
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health, which has given the French lande, an expanse or tract of sandy waste ground . The ultimate root is unknown . From its
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primary meaning have
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developed naturally the various uses of the word, for a tract of ground or country viewed either as a
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political,
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geographical or ethnographical division of the earth, as
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property owned by the public or state or by a private individual, or as the rural as opposed to the urban or the cultivated as opposed to the built on part of the country; of particular'meanings may be mentioned that of a
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building divided into tenements or flats, the divisions being known as " houses," a Scottish usage, and also that of a division of a ploughed field marked by the irrigating channels, hence transferred to the smooth parts of the
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bore of a
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rifle between the grooves of the rifling . For the
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physical geography of the land, as the solid portion of the earth's surface, see GEOGRAPHY . For land as the subject of cultivation see AGRICULTURE and
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SOIL, aISO,RECLAMATION OF LAND . For the
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history of the holding or tenure of land see
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VILLAGE COMMUNITIES and FEUDALISM; a particular form of land tenure is dealt with under METAYAGE . The article AGRARIAN
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LAWS deals with the disposal of the public land (Ager publicus) in Ancient Rome, and further information with regard to the part played by the land question in
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Roman history will be found under ROME: § History . The legal side of the private ownership of land is treated under REAL PROPERTY and
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CONVEYANCING (see also LANDLORD AND TENANT, and LAND
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REGISTRATION) .

End of Article: LAND
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NICOLAS LANCRET (1660-1743)
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LAND REGISTRATION

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