Online Encyclopedia

PIERRE LANFREY (1828-1877)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 171 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
PIERRE LANFREY (1828-1877), French historian and politician, was born at Chambery (Savoie) on the 26th of October 1828. His father had been one of Napoleon's officers. The son studied philosophy and history in Paris and wrote historical works of an anti-clerical and rationalizing tendency. These included L'Eglise et les philosophes ou X VIIIe siecle (1855; new edition, with a notice of the author by E. de Pressense, 1879); Essai sur la revolution frangaise (1858); Histoire politique des pages (186o); Lettres d'Everard (186o), a novel in the form of letters; Le Retablissement de la Pologne (1863). His magnum opus was his Histoire de Napoleon I" (5 vols., 1867—1875 and 1886; Eng. trans., 4 vols., 1871—1879), which ceased unfortunately at the end of 1811 with the preparations for the Russian campaign of 1812. This book, based on the emperor's correspondence published in 1858—1870, attempted the destruction of the legends which had grown up around his subject, and sought by a critical examination of the documents to explain the motives of his policy. In his desire to controvert current misconceptions and exaggerations of Napoleon's abilities Lanfrey unduly minimized his military and administrative genius. A stanch republican, he was elected to the National Assembly in 1871, became ambassador at Bern (1871—18'13), and life senator in 1875. He died at Pau on the 15th of November 1877. His fEuvres completes were published in 12 vols. (1879 seq.), and his Correspondance in 2 vols. (1885).
End of Article: PIERRE LANFREY (1828-1877)
[back]
LANFRANC (d. 1089)
[next]
MATTHAUS LANG VON WELLENBURG (1469–1540)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.