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JOHANN PETER LANGE (1802-1884)

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Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 173 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHANN PETER LANGE (1802-1884), German Protestant theologian, was of peasant origin and was born at Sonneborn near Elberfeld on the loth of April 1802. He studied theology at Bonn (from 1822) under K. I. Nitzsch and G. C. F. Lucke, held several pastorates, and eventually (1854) settled at Bonn as professor of theology in succession to Isaac A. Dorner, becoming also in 186o counsellor to the consistory. He died on the 9th of July 1884. Lange has been called the poetical theologian par excellence: " It has been said of him that his thoughts succeed each other in such rapid and agitated waves that all calm reflection and all rational distinction become, in a manner, drowned " (F. Lichtenberger). As a dogmatic writer he belonged to the school of Schleiermacher. His Christliche Dognzatik (3 vols., 1849–1852, new edition, 187o) " contains many fruitful and suggestive thoughts, which, however, are hidden under such a mass of bold figures and strange fancies, and suffer so much from want of clearness of presentation, that they did not produce any lasting effect " (Otto Pileiderer). His other works include Das Leben Jesu (3 vols., 1844–1847) Das apostolische Zeitalter (2 vols., 1853-1854), Grundriss der theologischen Fnsyklopadie (1877), Grundriss der christlichen Ethik (1878), and Grundriss der Bibelkunde (1881). In 1857 he undertook with other scholars a Theologisch-homiletisches Bibelwerk, to which he contributed commentaries on the first four hooks of the Pentateuch, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Matthew, Mark, Revelation. The Bibelwerk has been translated, enlarged and revised under the general editorship of Dr Philip Schaff.
End of Article: JOHANN PETER LANGE (1802-1884)
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