Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 182 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CHARLES ROCKWELL LANMAN (1850- ), American Sanskrit scholar, was born in Norwich, Connecticut, on the 8th of July '85o. He graduated at Yale in '871, was a graduate student there (1871-1873) under James Hadley and W. D. Whitney, and in Germany (1873-1876) studied Sanskrit under Weber and Roth and philology under Georg Curtius and Leskien. He was professor of Sanskrit at Johns Hopkins University in '876-'88o and subsequently at Harvard University. In 1889 he travelled in India and bought for Harvard University Sanskrit and Prakrit books and manuscripts, which, with those subsequently bequeathed to the university by Fitzedward Hall, make the most valuable collection of its kind in America, and made possible the Harvard Oriental Series, edited by Professor Lanman. In 1879-1884 he was secretary and editor of the Transactions, and in 1889-1890 president of the American Philological Association, and in 1884-1894 he was corresponding secretary of the American Oriental Society, in 1897-1907 vice-president, and in 1907-1908 president. In the Harvard Oriental Series he translated (vol. iv.) into English Rajagekhara's Karpura-Manjari (1900), a Prakrit drama, and (vols. vii. and viii.) revised and edited Whitney's translation of, and notes on, the Atharva-Veda Samhitd (2 vols., 1905); he published A Sanskrit Reader, with Vocabulary and Notes (2 vols., '884-1888); and he wrote on early Hindu pantheism and contributed the section on Brahmanism to Messages of the World's Religions.
End of Article: CHARLES ROCKWELL LANMAN (1850- )

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