See also:Phrygia, some
See also:time between 343 and 381 (so
See also:Hefele; but
See also:Baronius argues for 314, and others for a date as
See also:late as 399), adopted sixty canons, chiefly disciplinary, which were declared ecumenical by the council of Chalcedon, 451 . The most significant canons are those directly affecting the
See also:clergy, wherein the clergy appear as a privileged class, far above the laity, but with sharply differentiated and carefully graded orders within itself . For example, the priests are not to be chosen by the
See also:people; penitents are not to be
See also:present at ordinations (lest they should hear the failings of candidates discussed); bishops are to be appointed by the metropolitan and his
See also:suffragan; sub-deacons may not distribute the elements of the Eucharist; clerics are forbidden to leave a
See also:diocese without the
See also:bishop's permission . Other canons treat of intercourse with heretics,
See also:admission of penitent heretics,
See also:baptism, fasts,
See also:angel-worship (for-bidden as idolatrous) and the canonical books, from which the Apocrypha and
See also:Revelation are wanting . See Mansi ii . 563-614;
See also:Hardouin i . 777-792; Hefele, 2nd ed., i . 746-777 (Eng. trans. ii . 295-325) . (T . F .
LAODICEA AD LYCUMM (mod. Denizli, q.v.)
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