See also:fat of the
See also:common hog . Properly it is prepared from the "
See also:leaf " or fat of the bowel and kidneys, but in commerce the
See also:term as applied to products which include fat obtained from other parts of the animal and sometimes containing no " leaf " at all .
See also:Lard of various grades is made in enormous quantities by the
See also:great pork-packing houses at Chicago and elsewhere in
See also:America . " Neutral lard" is prepared at a temperature of 400-500 C. from freshly killed hogs; the finest quality, used for making oleomargarine, is got from the leaf, while the second, employed by
See also:biscuit and pastry bakers, is obtained from the fat of the back . Steam
See also:heat is utilized in extracting inferior qualities, such as " choice lard" and "
See also:prime steam lard," the source of the latter being any fat portion of the animal . Lard is a pure
See also:white fat of a
See also:butter-like consistence; its specific gravity is about 0.93, its solidifying point about 270-300 C., and its melting point 350-45° C . It contains about 6o% of olein and 40% of palmitin and stearin . Adulteration is common, the substances used including " stearin" both of
See also:beef and of mutton, and
See also:vegetable oils such as
See also:cotton seed oil: indeed, mixtures have been sold as lard that contain nothing but such adulterants . In the pharmacopoeia lard figures as adeps and is employed as a basis for ointments . Benzoated lard, used for the same purpose, is prepared by
See also:heating lard with 3% of powdered
See also:benzoin for two
See also:hours; it keeps better than. ordinary lard, but has slightly irritant properties . Lard oil is the limpid, clear, colourless oil expressed by
See also:hydraulic pressure and gentle heat from lard; it is employed for burning and for
See also:lubrication . Of the solid
See also:residue, lard " stearine," the best qualities are utilized for making oleomargarine, the inferior ones in the manufacture of candies .
See J . Lewkowitsch, Oils, Fats and Waxes (
See also:London, 1909) .
LARCIUS (less accurately LARTIUS), TITUS
DIONYSIUS LARDNER (1793-1859)
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