See also:town of a sanjak in the
See also:Beirut vilayet of
See also:Syria, situated on the
See also:coast, opposite the
See also:island of Cyprus . The
See also:oldest name of the town, according to Philo Herennius, was Paµa8a or Aeviil aKTi]; it received that of Laodicea (ad
See also:mare) from Seleucus Nicator, who re-founded it in
See also:honour of his
See also:mother as one of the four "
See also:sister " cities of the Syrian Tetrapolis (
See also:Apamea, Laodicea) . In the
See also:period it was favoured by Caesar, and took the name of Julia; and, though it suffered severely when the fugitive
See also:Dolabella stood his last
See also:siege within its walls (43 B.C.),
See also:Strabo describes it as a flourishing
See also:port, which supplied, from the vineyards on the mountains, the greater
See also:part of the
See also:wine imported to Alexandria . The town received the privileges of an
See also:Italian colony from Severus, for taking his part against Antioch in the struggle with Niger . Laodicea was the seat of an
See also:ancient bishopric, and even had some claim to metropolitan rights . At the
See also:time of the
See also:crusades, " Liche," as Jacques de Vitry says it was popularly called, was a wealthy city . It fell to Tancred with Antioch in 1102, and was recovered by Saladin in 1188 . A Christian settlement was afterwards permitted to establish itself in the town, and to protect itself by fortifications; but it was expelled by Sultan Kala`tin and the defences destroyed . By the 16th century Laodicea had sunk very low; the revival in the beginning of the 17th was due to the new
See also:trade in
See also:tobacco . The town has several times been almost destroyed by earthquakes—in 1170, 1287 and 1822 . The
See also:people are chiefly employed in tobacco cultivation,
See also:silk and oil culture, poultry rearing and the sponge
See also:fishery . There is a large export of eggs to Alexandria; but the
See also:wealth of the place depends most on the famous "
See also:Latakia " tobacco, grown in the plain behind the town and on the Ansarieh hills .
There are three
See also:main varieties, of which the worst is dark in
See also:colour and strong in flavour; the best, grown in the districts of Diryus and Amamareh, is
See also:light and aromatic, and is exported mainly to Alexandria; but much goes also to Constantinople, Cyprus and
See also:direct to
See also:Europe . After the construction of a road through
See also:Jebel Ansarieh to
See also:Hamah, Latakia drew a
See also:deal of
See also:traffic from upper Syria; but the Hamah-
See also:Homs railway has now diverted much of this again . The products of the surrounding
See also:district, however, cause the town to increase steadily, and it is a
See also:regular port of
See also:call for the main Levantine lines of steamers . The only notable
See also:object of antiquity is a triumphal arch, probably of the early 3rd century, in the S.E. quarter of the
See also:modern town . Latakia and its neighbourhood formerly produced a very beautiful type of
See also:rug, examples of which are highly prized . (D . G .
LATACUNGA (LLACTACUNGA, or, in local parlance, TACU...
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