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LATEEN (the Anglicized form of Fr. la...

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Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 240 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LATEEN (the Anglicized form of Fr. latine, i.e. voile latine, Latin sail, so-called as the chief form of rig in the Mediterranean), a certain kind of triangular sail, having a long yard by which it is suspended to the mast. A " lateener " is a vessel rigged with a lateen sail and yard. This rig was formerly much used, and is still the typical sail of the felucca of the Mediterranean, and dhow of the Arabian Sea. LA TENE (Lat. tennis, shallow), the site of a lake-dwelling at the north end of Lake Neuchatel, between Marin and Prefargier. According to some, it was originally a Helvetic oppidum; according to others, a Gallic commercial settlement. R. Forrer distinguishes an older semi-military, and a younger civilian settlement, the former a Gallic customs station, the Roman clergy and populace, or of the imperial ratification, there latter, which may be compared to the canabae of the Roman camps, containing the booths and taverns used by soldiers and sailors. He also considers the older station to have been, not as usually supposed, Helvetic, but pre- or proto-Helvetic, the character of which changed with the advance of the Helvetii into Switzerland (c. zso-zoo B.C.). La Tene has given its name to a period of culture (c. 500 B.C.—A.D. 100), the phase of the Iron age succeeding the Hallstatt phase, not as being its starting-point, but because the finds are the best known of their kind. The latter are divided into early (c. 500-250 B.C.), middle (250-100 B.c.) and late (zoo B.C.-A.D. 100), and chiefly belong to the middle period. They are mostly of iron, and consist of swords, spear-heads, axes, scythes and knives, which exhibit a remark-able agreement with the description of the weapons of the southern Celts given by Diodorus Siculus. There are also brooches, bronze kettles, torques, small bronze ear-rings with little glass pearls of various colours, belt-hooks and pins for fastening articles of clothing. The La Tene culture made its way through France across to England, where it has received the name of " late Celtic "; a remarkable find has been made at Aylesford in Kent. See F. Keller, Lake Dwellings of Switzerland, vi. (Eng. trans., 1878) ; V. Gross, La Tene un oppidum helvete (1886) ; E. Vouga, Les Helvetes a La Tene (1886) ; P. Reinecke, Zur Kenntnis der la Tene Denkmaler der Zone nordwarts der Alpen (Mainzer Festschrift, 1902) ; R. Ferrer, Reallexikon der prahistorischen . . . Altertumer (1907), where many illustrations are given.
End of Article: LATEEN (the Anglicized form of Fr. latine, i.e. voile latine, Latin sail, so-called as the chief form of rig in the Mediterranean)
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