See also:born at Zurich on the 15th of
See also:November 1741 . He was educated at the gymnasium of his native
See also:town, where J . J .
See also:Bodmer and J . J . Breitinger were among his teachers . When barely one-and-twenty he greatly distinguished himself by denouncing, in conjunction with his friend, the painter H .
See also:Fuseli, an iniquitous
See also:magistrate, who was compelled to make restitution of his
See also:ill-gotten gains . In 1769
See also:Lavater took orders, and officiated till his
See also:death as deacon or pastor in various churches in his native city . His oratorical fervour and genuine
See also:depth of conviction gave him
See also:personal influence; he was extensively consulted as a casuist, and was welcomed with
See also:enthusiasm in his numerous journeys through Germany . His mystical writings were also widely popular . Scarcely a trace of this influence has remained, and Lavater's name would be forgotten but for his
See also:work on
See also:physiognomy, Physiognomische Fragmente zur Beforderung der Menschenkenntnis and Menschenliebe (1775-1778) .
The fame even of this
See also:book, which found enthusiastic admirers in France and England, as well as in Germany, rests to a great extent upon the handsome
See also:style of publication and the accompanying illustrations . It
See also:left, however, the study of physiognomy (q.v.), as desultory and unscientific as it found it . As a poet, Lavater published Christliche Lieder (1776—1780) and two epics, Jesus Messias (1780) and
See also:Joseph von Arimathia (1794), in the style of Klopstock . More important and characteristic of the religious temperament of Lavater's age are his introspective Aussichten in die Ewigkeit (4 vols., 2768—1778); Geheimes Tagebuch von einem Beobachter seiner LAVELEYE 291 selbst (2 vols., 1772—1773) and Pontius Pilatus,
See also:oder der Mensch in
See also:alien Gestalten (4 vols., 1782—1785) . From 1774 on, Goethe was intimately acquainted with Lavater, but at a later
See also:period he became estranged from him, somewhat abruptly accusing him of superstition and
See also:hypocrisy . Lavater had a mystic's indifference to
See also:Christianity, and, although esteemed by himself and others a
See also:champion of orthodoxy, was in fact only an antagonist of rationalism . During the later years of his
See also:life his influence waned, and he incurred ridicule by some exhibitions of vanity . He redeemed himself by his patriotic conduct during the French occupation of
See also:Switzerland, which brought about his tragical death . On the taking of Zurich by the French in 1799, Lavater, while endeavouring to appease the soldiery, was shot through the
See also:body by an infuriated
See also:grenadier; he died after long sufferings
See also:borne with great fortitude, on the 2nd of
See also:January 18ot . Lavater himself published two collections of his writings, Vermischte Schriften (2 vols., 1774—1781), and Kleinere prosaische Schriften (3 vols., 1784—1785) . His Nachgelassene Schriften were edited by G .
See also:Gessner (5 vols., 18oi—1802) ; Samtliche Werke (but only poems) (6 vols., 1836—1838) ; Ausgewahlte Schriften (8 vols., 1841—1844) .
See G . Gessner, Lavaters Lebensbeschreibung (3 vols., 18o2—18o3); U . Hegner, Beitrage zur Kenntnis Lavaters (1836) ; F . W . Bodemann, Lavater nach seinem Leben, Lehren and Wirken (1856; 2nd ed., 1877); F . Muncker, J . K . Lavater (1883); H . Waser, J . K . Lavater nach Hegners Aufzeichnungen (1894); J . K .
Lavater, Denkschrift zum zoo . Todestag (1902) .
SEIGNEUR DE LOHEAC ANDRE DE LAVAL (c. 1408-1485)
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