See also:martyr, whose name appears in the
See also:canon of the mass, and whose festival is on the loth of
See also:August . The
See also:basilica reared over his
See also:tomb at Rome is still visited by pilgrims . His
See also:legend is very popular . Deacon of the
See also:pope (St)
See also:Sixtus (
See also:Xystus) II., he was called upon by the
See also:judge to bring forth the treasures of the
See also:church which had been committed to his keeping . He thereupon produced the church's poor
See also:people . Seeing his
See also:bishop, Sixtus, being led to punishment, he cried: "
See also:Father! whither goest thou without thy son ?
See also:priest ! 'whither goest thou without thy deacon?" Sixtus prophesied that
See also:Lawrence would follow him in three days . The prophecy was fulfilled, and Lawrence was sentenced to be burnt alive on a gridiron . In the midst of his torments he addressed the judge ironically with the words: Assum est, versa et manduca (" I am roasted enough on this side; turn me
See also:round, and eat") . All these details of the well-known legend are already related by St
See also:Ambrose (De Offic. i . 41, ii .
28) . The punishment of the gridiron and the speech of the martyr are probably areminiscence of the Phrygian martyrs, as related by
See also:Socrates (iii . 15) and
See also:Sozomen (v . II) . But the fact of the martyrdom is unquestionable . The date is usually put at the persecution of
See also:Valerian in 258 . The cult of St Lawrence has spread throughout Christendom, and there are numerous churches dedicated to him, especially in England, where 228 have been counted . The Escurial was built in
See also:honour of St Lawrence by
See also:Philip II. of Spain, in memory of the
See also:battle of St Quentin, which was won in 1557 on the
See also:day of the martyr's festival . The meteorites which appear annually on or about the loth of August are popularly known as " the tears of St Lawrence." See Acta sanctorum, Augusti ii . 485-532; P . Franchi de' Cavalieri, S . Lorenzo e it supplicio
See also:delta graticola (Rome, 1900) ; Analecta Bollandiana, xix .
452 and 453; Fr .
See also:Forster, Studies in Church Dedications or England's
See also:Saints, i . 508-515, iii . 18, 389-390 (1899) . (H .
AMOS LAWRENCE (1786—1852)
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