See also:English in two
See also:main senses-(1) as a
See also:rule prescribed by authority for human
See also:action, and (2) in scientific and philosophic phraseology, as a
See also:order of sequence (e.g . "
See also:laws " of motion) . In the first sense the word is used either in the abstract, for
See also:jurisprudence generally or for a state of things in which the laws of a
See also:country are duly observed ("
See also:law and order "), or in the concrete for some particular rule or
See also:body of rules . It is usual to distinguish further between " law " and "
See also:equity " (q.v.) . The scientific and philosophic usage has grown out of an early conception of jurisprudence, and is really metaphorical, derived from the phrase " natural law " or " law of nature," which presumed that commands were laid on
See also:matter by
See also:God (see T . E .
See also:Holland, Elements of Jurisprudence, ch. ii.), The adjective " legal " is only used in the first sense, never in the second . In the case of the " moral law " (see ETHICS) the
See also:term is employed somewhat ambiguously because of its connexion with both meanings . There is also an Old English use of the word " law " in. a more or less sporting sense (" to give law " or " allow so much law "), meaning a start or
See also:allowance in
See also:time or distance . Presumably this originated simply in the liberty-loving Briton's respect for proper legal procedure: instead of the brute exercise of tyrannous force he demanded " law," or a fair opportunity and trial . But it may simply be an extension of the meaning of " right," or of the sense of " leave " which is found in early uses of the French lei . In this
See also:work the laws or uniformities of the
See also:physical universe are dealt with in the articles on the various sciences .
Thegeneral principles of law in the legal sense are discussed under JURISPRUDENCE . What may be described as "
See also:national systems " of law are dealt with historically and generally under ENGLISH LAW,
See also:AMERICAN LAW,
See also:ROMAN LAW, GREEK LAW,
See also:MAHOMMEDAN LAW,
See also:INDIAN LAW, &c . Certain broad divisions of law are treated under CONSTITUTION AND CONSTITUTIONAL LAW,
See also:CANON LAW,
See also:CIVIL LAW,
See also:COMMON LAW, CRIMINAL LAW, ECCLESIASTICAL LAW, EQUITY,
See also:INTERNATIONAL LAW, MILITARY LAW, &C . And the particular laws of different countries on
See also:special subjects are stated under the headings for those subjects (BANKRUPTCY, &c.) . For courts (q.v.) of law, and procedure, see JURISPRUDENCE,
See also:APPEAL, TRIAL,
See also:BENCH, &C .
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