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LEBANON

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 349 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LEBANON, a city and the county-seat of Lebanon county, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., in the fertile Lebanon Valley, about 25 M. E. by N. of Harrisburg. Pop. (1900) 17,628, of whom 618 were foreign-born, (1910 census) 19,240. It 1s served by the Philadelphia & Reading, the Cornwall and the Cornwall & Lebanon railways. About 5 M. S. of the city are the Cornwall (magnetite) iron mines, from which about 18,000,000 tons of iron ore were taken between 1740 and 1902, and 804,848 tons in 1906. The ore yields about 46 % of iron, and contains about 2.5% of sulphur, the roasting of the ores being necessaryore-roasting kilns are more extensively used here than in any other place in the country. The area of ore exposed is about 4000 ft. long and 400 to 800 ft. wide, and includes three hills; it has been one of the most productive magnetite deposits in the world. Limestone, brownstone and brick-clay also abound in the vicinity; and besides mines and quarries, the city has extensive manufactories of iron, steel, chains, and nuts and bolts. In 1905 its factory products were valued at $6,978,458. The municipality owns and operates its water-works. The first settlement in the locality was made about 1730, and twenty years later a town was laid out by one of the landowners, George Steitz, and named Steitztown in his honour. About 176o the town became known as Lebanon, and under this name it was incorporated as a borough in 1821 and chartered as a city in 1885. LE BARGY, CHARLES GUSTAVE AUGUSTE (1858- ), French actor, was born at La Chapelle (Seine). His talent both as a comedian and a serious actor was soon made evident, and he became a member of the Comedie Francaise, his chief successes being in such plays as Le Duel, L'Enigme, Le Marquis de Priola, L'Autre Danger and Le Dedale. His wife, Simone le Bargy nee Benda, an accomplished actress, made her debut at the Gymnase in 1902, and in later years had a great success in La Rafale and other plays. In 1910 he had differences with the authorities of the Comedie Francaise and ceased to be a societaire. LE BEAU, CHARLES (1701-1778), French historical writer, was born at Paris on the i 5th of October z 701, and was educated at the College de Sainte-Barbe and the College du Plessis; at the latter he remained as a teacher until he obtained the chair of rhetoric in the College des Grassins. In 1 748 he was admitted a member of the Academy of Inscriptions, and in 1752 he was nominated professor of eloquence in the College de France. From 1755 he held the office of perpetual secretary to the Academy of Inscriptions, in which capacity he edited fifteen volumes (from the 25th to the 39th inclusive) of the Histoire of that institution. He died at Paris on the 13th of March 1778. The only work with which the name of Le Beau continues to be associated is his Histoire du Bas-Empire, en commencant a Constantin le Grand, in 22 vols. 12mo (Paris, 1756-1779), being a continuation of C. Rollin's Histoire Romaine and J. B. L. Crevier's Histoire des empereurs. Its usefulness arises entirely from the fact of its being a faithful resume of the Byzantine historians, for Le Beau had no originality or artistic power of his own. Five volumes were added by H. P. Ameilhon (1781-1811), which brought the work down to the fall of Constantinople. A later edition, under the care of M. de Saint-Martin and afterwards of Brosset, has had the benefit of careful revision throughout, and has received considerable additions from Oriental sources. See his " Eloge " in vol. xlii. of the Histoire de t'Academie des Inscriptions (1786), pp. 190-207.
End of Article: LEBANON
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