See also:Polish historian, geographer and numismatist, was
See also:born at Warsaw on the 22nd of
See also:March 1786 . His
See also:family came from Prussia in the early
See also:part of the 18th century; his grandfather was appointed physician to the reigning
See also:king of Poland, and his
See also:father caused himself to be naturalized as a Polish
See also:citizen . The
See also:form of the name appears to have been Lolhoffel .
See also:Joachim was educated at the university of Vilna, and became in 1807 a teacher in a school at Krzemieniec in
See also:Volhynia, in 1814 teacher of
See also:history at Vilna, and in 1818
See also:professor and librarian at the university of Warsaw . He returned to Vilna in 1821 . His lectures enjoyed
See also:great popularity, and
See also:felt for him by the students is shown in the beautiful lines addressed to him by
See also:Mickiewicz . But this very circumstance made him obnoxious to the
See also:government, and at Vilna Novosiltsev was then all-powerful .
See also:Lelewel was removed from his professorship in 1824, and returnedto Warsaw, where he was elected a
See also:deputy to the
See also:diet in 1829 . He joined the revolutionary
See also:movement with more enthusiasm than energy, and though the emperor
See also:Nicholas I. distinguished him as one of the most dangerous rebels, did not appear to
See also:advantage as a man of
See also:action . On the suppression of the
See also:rebellion he made his way in disguise to Germany, and subsequently reached
See also:Paris in 1831 . The government of
See also:Louis Philippe ordered him to quit French territory in 1833 at the
See also:request of the Russian
See also:ambassador . The cause of this expulsion is said to have been his activity in writing revolutionary proclamations .
He went toBrussels, where for nearly
See also:thirty years he earned a scanty livelihood by his writings . He died on the 29th of May 1861 in Paris, whither he had removed a few days previously . Lelewel, a man of austere character,
See also:simple tastes and the loftiest conception of
See also:honour, was a
See also:lover of learning for its own
See also:sake . His
See also:literary activity was enormous, extending from his
See also:Edda Skandinawska (1807) to his Geographie
See also:des Arabes (2 vols., Paris, 1851) . One of his most important publications was La Geographic du moyen dge (5 vols., Brussels, 1852–1857), with an
See also:atlas (1849) of fifty plates entirely engraved by himself, for he rightly attached such importance to the accuracy of his maps that he would not allow them to be executed by any one else . His
See also:works on Polish history are based on minute and critical study of the documents; they were collected under the title Polska, dzieje i rzeczy jej rozpatrzywane (Poland, her History and Affairs surveyed), in 20 vols . (Posen, 1853–1876) . He in-tended to write a
See also:complete history of Poland on an extensive scale, but never accomplished the task . His method is shown in the little history of Poland, first published at Warsaw in Polish in 1823, under the title Dzieje Polski, and afterwards almost rewritten in the Histoire de Pologne (2 vols., Paris, 1844) . Other works on Polish history which may be especially mentioned are La Pologne au moyen dge (3 vols., Posen, 1846–1851), an edition of the
See also:Chronicle of
See also:Matthew Cholewa' (1811) and
See also:Ancient Memorials of Polish Legislation (Ksiegi ustaw polskich i mazowieckich) . He also wrote on the
See also:trade of
See also:Carthage, on
See also:Pytheas of
See also:Marseilles, the geographer, and two important works on
See also:numismatics (La Numismatique du moyen age, Paris, 2 vols., 1835; Etudes numisinatiques, Brussels, 1840) . While employed in the university library of Warsaw he studied bibliography, and the fruits of his labours may be seen in his Bibliograficznych Ksiag dwoje (A Couple of Books on Bibliography) ( 2 vols., Vilna, 1823-1826) .
The characteristics of Lelewel as an historian are great
See also:research and power to draw inferences from his facts; his
See also:style is too often careless, and his narrative is not picturesque, but his expressions are frequently terse and incisive . He
See also:left valuable materials for a just comprehension of his career in the autobiography (Adventures while Prosecuting Researches and Inquiries on Polish Matters) printed in his Polska .
JACQUES LELONG (1665–1721)
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