See also:Spanish poet and mystic, was
See also:born at Belmonte de
See also:Cuenca, entered the university of Salamanca at the age of fourteen, and in 1544 joined the Augustinian
See also:order . In 1561 he obtained a theological
See also:chair at Salamanca, to which in 1571 was added that of sacred literature . He was denounced to the Inquisition for translating the
See also:book of
See also:Canticles, and for criticizing the text of the Vulgate . He was consequently imprisoned at
See also:Valladolid from
See also:March 1572 till
See also:December 1576 ; the charges against him were then abandoned, and he was released with an admonition . He returned to Salamanca as
See also:professor of Biblical exegesis, and was again reported to the Inquisition in 1582, but without result . In 1583—1585 he published the three books of a celebrated mystic
See also:treatise, Los Nombres de Cristo, which he had written in prison . In 1583 also appeared the most popular of his
See also:works, a treatise entitled La Perfecta Casada, for the use of a
See also:lady newly married . Ten days before his
See also:death, which occurred at
See also:Madrigal on the 23rd of
See also:August 1591, he was elected
See also:vicar general of the Augustinian order . Luis de Leon is not only the greatest of Spanish mystics; he is among the greatest of Spanish lyrical poets . His
See also:translations of
See also:Euripides, Pindar, Virgil and Horace are singularly happy; his
See also:original pieces, whether devout like the ode De la
See also:vida del cielo, or secular like the ode A Salinas, are
See also:instinct with a serene sublimity unsurpassed in any literature, and their
See also:form is impeccable . Absorbed by less worldly interests, Fray Luis de Leon refrained from printing his poems, which were not issued till 1631, when Quevedo published them as a counterblast to cislteranismo . The best edition of Luis de Leon's works is that of
See also:Merino (6 vols.,
See also:Madrid, 1816) ; the reprint (Madrid, 1885) by C .
Munoz Saenz is incorrect . The text of La Perfecta Casada has been well edited by
See also:Wallace (Chicago, 1903) . See Coleccion de documentos ineditos Para la historia de Espana, vols. x.-xi.; F . H . Reusch, Luis de Leon and die spanische Inquisition (
See also:Bonn, 1873) ; M . Gutierrez, Fray Luis de Leon y la filosofia espannola (Madrid, 1885) ; M . Menendez y Pelayo, Estudios de critica literaria (Madrid, 1893), Primera serie, pp . 1-72 .
LEON OF MODENA (1571-1648)
MOSES BEN SI LEON
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