See also:born of humble parentage at Largo, Fifeshire, on the 16th of
See also:April 1766, and received his early
See also:education there and at Leven . In his thirteenth
See also:year, encouraged by friends who had even then remarked his aptitude for mathematical and
See also:physical science, he entered the university of St Andrews . On the completion of his arts course, he nominally studied divinity at
See also:Edinburgh until 1787; in 1788–1789 he spent rather more than a year as private tutor in a Virginian
See also:family, and from 1790 till the close of 1792 he held a similar
See also:appointment at
See also:Etruria in
See also:Staffordshire, with the family of Josiah
See also:Wedgwood, employing his spare
See also:time in experimental
See also:research and in preparing a
See also:translation of Buffon's Natural
See also:History of Birds, which was published in nine 8vo vols. in 1793, and brought him some
See also:money . For the next twelve years (passed chiefly in
See also:London or at Largo, with an occasional visit to the continent of
See also:Europe) he continued his physical studies, which resulted in numerous papers contributed by him to
See also:Nicholson's Philosophical Journal, and in the publication (1804) of the Experimental Inquiry into the Nature end Properties of
See also:Heat, a
See also:work which gained him the Rumford Medal of the Royal Society of London . In 18o5 he was elected burgh, not, however, without violent though unsuccessful opposition on the
See also:part of a narrow-minded clerical party who accused him of
See also:heresy in something he had said as to the " unsophisticated notions of mankind " about the relation of cause and effect . During his tenure of this
See also:chair he published two volumes of a Course of
See also:Mathematics--the first, entitled Elements of
See also:Geometry, Geometrical Analysis and
See also:Plane Trigonometry, in 1809, and the second, Geometry of
See also:Curve Lines, in 1813; the third
See also:volume, on Descriptive Geometry and the Theory of Solids was never completed . With reference to his invention (in 181o) of a
See also:process of artificial congelation, he published in 1813 A
See also:Short Account of Experiments and
See also:Instruments depending on the relations of Air to Heat and Moisture; and in 1818 a paper by him " On certain impressions of
See also:cold transmitted from the higher atmosphere, with an instrument (the aethrioscope) adapted to measure them," appeared in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh . In 1819, on the
See also:death of Playfair, he was promoted to the more congenial chair of natural philosophy, which he continued to hold until his death, and in 1823 he published, chiefly for the use of his class, the first volume of his never-completed Elements of Natural Philosophy .
See also:main contributions to physics were made by the help of the "
See also:differential thermometer," an instrument whose invention was contested with him by Count Rumford . By adapting to this instrument various ingenious devices he was enabled to employ it in a
See also:great variety of investigations, connected especially with photometry, hygroscopy and the temperature of space . In 182o he was elected a corresponding member of the Institute of France, the only distinction of the kind which he valued, and early in 1832 he was created a knight . He died at Coates, a small
See also:property which he had acquired near Largo, on the 3rd of
See also:November 1832 .
FRED [FREDERICK HOBSON] LESLIE (1855–1892)
THOMAS EDWARD CLIFFE LESLIE (1827-1882)
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