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DANIEL LESUEUR

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Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 500 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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DANIEL LESUEUR, the pseudonym of JEANNE LAPANZE, nee Loiseau (186o- ),. French poet and novelist, who was born in Paris in 186o. She published a volume of poems, Fleurs d'avril (1882), which was crowned by the Academy. She also wrote some powerful novels dealing with contemporary life: Le Mariage de Gabrielle (1882); Un Mysterieux Amour (1892), with a series of philosophical sonnets; L'Amant de Genevieve (1883); Marcelle (1885); Une Vie tragique (189o); Justice de femme (1893); Comedienne Haine d'amour (1894); Honneur d'une femme (1901); La Force du passe (1905). Het poems were collected in 1895. She published in 1905 a book on the economic status of women, L'Evolution feminine; and in 1891-1893 a translation (2 vols.) of the works of Lord Byron, which was awarded a prize by the Academy. Her Masque d'amour, a five-act play based on her novel (1904) of the same name, was produced at the Theatre Sarah Bernhardt in 1905. She received the ribbon of the Legion of Honour in 1900, and the prix v itet from the French Academy in 1905. She married in 1904 Henry Lapanze (b. 1867), a well-known writer on art. LE SUEUR, EUSTACHE (1617-1655), one of the founders of the French Academy of painting, was born on the 19th of November 1617 at Paris, where he passed his whole life, and where he died on the 3oth of April 1655. His early death and I retired habits have combined to give an air of romance to his simple history, which has been decorated with as many fables as that of Claude. We are told that, persecuted by Le Brun, who was jealous of his ability, he became the intimate friend and correspondent of Poussin, and it is added that, broken-hearted at the death of his wife, Le Sueur retired to the monastery of the Chartreux and died in the arms of the prior. All this, however, is pure fiction. The facts of Le Sueur's life are these. He was the son of Cathelin Le Sueur, a turner and sculptor in wood, LE TELLIER, MICHEL (16)3–1685), French statesman, was who placed his son with Vouet, in whose studio he rapidly dis- born in Paris on the 19th of April 1603. Having entered the tinguished himself. Admitted at an early age into the guild public service he became maitre des requetes and in 164o of master-painters, he left them to take part in establishing the intendant of Piedmont; in 1643, owing to his friendship with academy of painting and sculpture, and was one of the first Mazarin, he became secretary of state for military affairs, being twelve professors of that body. Some paintings, illustrative an efficient administrator. In 1677 he was made chancellor of of the Hypnerotomachia Polyphili, which were reproduced in France and he was one of those who influenced Louis XIV. to tapestry, brought him into notice, and his reputation was further revoke the Edict of Nantes. He died on the 3oth of October enhanced by a series of decorations (Louvre) in the mansion of 1685, a few days after the revocation had been signed. Le Lambert de Thorigny, which he left uncompleted, for their Tellier, who amassed great wealth, left two sons, one the famous execution was frequently interrupted by other commissions. statesman Louvois and another who became archbishop of Reims. Amongst these were several pictures for the apartments of the His correspondence is in the Bibliotheque nationale in Paris. king and queen in the Louvre, which are now missing, although See L. Caron, Michel Le Tellier, intendant d'armee au Piemont they were entered in Bailly's inventory (1710); but several (Paris, 1881). works produced for minor patrons have come down to us. In Another MICHEL LE TELLIER (1643–1719) was confessor of the gallery of the Louvre are the " Angel and Hagar," from the the French king Louis XIV. Born at Vire on the 16th of mansion of De Tonnay Charente; " Tobias and Tobit," from the December ,1643 he entered the Society of Jesus and later became Fieubet collection; several pictures executed for the church prominent in consequence of his violent attacks on the Jansenists. of Saint Gervais; the " Martyrdom of St Lawrence," from Saint He was appointed provincial of his order in France, but it was Germain de l'Auxerrois; two very fine works from the destroyed not until 1709 that he became the king 's confessor. In this abbey of Marmoutiers; " St Paul preaching at Ephesus," one capacity all his influence was directed towards urging Louis to of Le Sueur's most complete and thorough performances, painted further persecutions of the Protestants. He was exiled by the for the goldsmith's corporation in 1649; and his famous series of regent Orleans, but he had returned to France when he died at the " Life of St Bruno," executed in the cloister of the Chartreux. La Fleche on the 2nd of September 1719. These last have more personal character than anything else LETHAL (Lat. lethalis, for letalis, deadly, from letum, death; which Le Sueur produced, and much of their original beauty the spelling is due to a confusion with Gr. )o O , forgetfulness), survives in spite of injuries and restorations and removal from an adjective meaning " deadly," " fatal," especially as applied to the wall to canvas. The Louvre also possesses many fine draw- weapons, drugs, &c. A " lethal chamber " is a room or recepings (reproduced by Braun), of which Le Sueur left an incredible tacle in which animals may be put to death painlessly, by the quantity, chiefly executed in black and white chalk His pupils, admission of poisonous gases. who aided him much in his work, were his wife's brother, Th. LETHARGY (Gr. Xt7Bapyia, from Xi7B,7, forgetfulness), drowsi-Gousse, and three brothers of his own, as well as Claude Lefebvre ness, torpor. In pathology the term is used of a morbid condition and Patel the landscape painter. of deep and lasting sleep from which the sufferer can be with Most of his works have been engraved, chiefly by Picart, B. difficulty and only temporarily aroused. The term Negro or Audran, Seb. Leclerc, Drevet, Chauveau, Poilly and Desplaces. African lethargy was formerly applied to the disease now gener-Le Sueur's work lent itself readily to the engraver's art, for he was a ally known as "sleeping sickness " (q.v.). charming draughtsman; he had a truly delicate perception of LETHE (" Oblivion ") in Greek mythology, the daughter of varied shades of grave and elevated sentiment, and possessed the power to render them. His graceful facility in composition was Eris (Hesiod, Theog. 227) and the personification of forgetfulness. always restrained by a very fine taste, but his works often fail to It is also the name of a river in the infernal regions. Those please completely, because, producing so much, he had too frequent initiated in the mysteries were taught to distinguish two streams recourse to conventional types, and partly because he rarely saw colour except with the cold and clayey quality proper to the school in the lower world, one of memory and one of oblivion. Three- of Vouet; yet his " St Paul at Ephesus ' and one or two other works tions for this purpose, written on a gold plate, have been found show that he was not naturally deficient in this sense, and whenever in a tomb at Petilia, and near L.ebadeia, at the oracle of Tro- we get direct reference to nature—as in the monks of the St Bruno phonius, which was counted an entrance to the lower world, the series—we recognize his admirable power to read and render physiog- nomy of varied and serious type.' two springs Mnemosyne and Lethe were shown (Pausanias ix. See Guillet de St Georges, Mein. fined.; C. Blanc, Histoire des 39. 8). This thought begins to appear in literature in the end of peintres; Vitet, Catalogue des tableaux du Louvre; d'Argenville, the 5th century B.C., when Aristophancs (Frogs, 186) speaks of Vies des peintres. the plain of Lethe. Plato (Rep. x.) embodies the idea in one of
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