See also:coast department of
See also:Peru, bounded N. by
See also:Lambayeque and
See also:Cajamarca, E. by
See also:Martin, S. by
See also:Ancachs, S.W. and W. by the Pacific . Pop . (1906 estimate) 188,200;
See also:area 10,209 sq. m .
See also:Libertad formerly included of the
See also:Cordillera broken into valleys by
See also:mountain spurs, and the eastern a high inter-Andine valley lying between the Western and Central Cordilleras and traversed by the upper Maranon or
See also:Amazon, which at one point is less than 90 M. in a straight
See also:line from the Pacific coast . The coast region is traversed by several short streams, which are fed by the melting snows of the Cordillera and are extensively used for irrigation . These are (the names also applying to their valleys) the Jequetepeque or Pacasmayo, in whose valley
See also:rice is an important product, the Chicama, in whose valley the
See also:sugar plantations are among the largest and best in Peru, the Moche, Viru, Chao and
See also:Santa; the last, with its
See also:northern tributary, the Tablachaca, forming the
See also:southern boundary line of the department . The Santa Valley is also noted for its sugar plantations .
See also:Cotton is produced in several of these valleys,
See also:coffee in the Pacasmayo
See also:district, and
See also:coca on the mountain slopes about Huamachuco and Otuzco, at elevations of 3000 to 6000 ft. above
See also:sea-level . The upland regions, which have a moderate rainfall and a cool, healthy
See also:climate, are partly devoted to
See also:agriculture on a small scale (producing wheat,
See also:Indian corn,
See also:barley, potatoes, quinua,
See also:alfalfa, fruit and vegetables), partly to grazing and partly to
See also:mining .
See also:Cattle and
See also:sheep have been raised on the upland pastures of Libertad and Ancachs since early colonial times, and the
See also:llama and
See also:alpaca were reared throughout this " sierra "
See also:country long before the
See also:conquest . Gold and
See also:silver mines are worked in the districts of Huamachuco, Otuzco and Pataz, and
See also:coal has been found in the first two . The department had 169 m. of
See also:rail-way in 1906, viz.: from Pacasmayo to Yonan (in Cajamarca) with a branch to Guadalupe, 6o m.; from Salaverry to Trujillo with its extension to Ascope, 47 m.; from Trujillo to
See also:Laredo, Galindo and Menocucho, 182 m.; from Huanchaco to
See also:Roma, 25 m.; and from Chicama to Pampas, 182 m .
See also:principal ports are Pacasmayo and Salaverry, which have long iron piers built by the
See also:government; Malabrigo, Huanchuco, Guanape and Chao are open roadsteads . The capital of the department is Trujillo . The other principal towns are San (H . H . J.) divides it into two nearly equal parts; the western consisting LIBERIUS,
See also:pope from 352 to 366, the successor of
See also:Julius I. of a narrow, arid, sandy coast zone and the western slopes Pedro, Otuzco, Huamachuco,
See also:Santiago de Chuco and Tuyabamba —all provincial capitals and important only through their mining interests, except San Pedro, which stands in the fertile district of the Jequetepeque . The population of Otuzco (35 M . N.E. of Trujillo) was estimated to be about 4000 in 1896, that of Huamachuco (65 m . N.E. of Trujillo) being perhaps slightly less .
LIBERTARIANISM (from Lat. libertas, freedom)
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