LIEGE , anadjective implying the mutual relationship of a feudal
See also:superior and his vassal; the word is used as a substantive of the feudal superior, more usually in this sense, however, in the
See also:form " liege
See also:lord, " and also of the vassals, his "lieges." Hence the word is often used of the loyal subjects of a
See also:sovereign, with no reference to feudal ties . It appears that ligeitas or ligentia, the
See also:medieval Latin
See also:term for this relation-
See also:ship, was restricted to a particular form of homage . According to N . Broussel (Nouvel examen de l'usage general
See also:des fiefs en France, 1727) the homage of a "liege" was a stronger form of the ordinary homage, the especial distinction being that while the ordinary vassal only undertook
See also:forty days' military service, the liege promised to serve as long as the war might last, in which his superior was engaged (cf . Ducange, Glossarium, s.v . " Ligius ") . The etymology of the word has been much discussed . It comes into
See also:English through the O . Fr. lige or liege, Med .
See also:Lat. ligius . This was early connected with the Lat. ligatus, bound, ligare, to bind, from the sense of the
See also:obligation of the vassal to his lord, but this has been generally abandoned . Broussel takes the Med .
Lat. liga, i.e., foedus, confederatio, the English "
See also:league," as the origin . Ducange connects it with the word lilies, which appears in a
See also:gloss of the Salic
See also:law, and is defined as a scriptilius, servus glebae . The more usually. accepted derivation is now from the Old High Ger. ledic, or ledig, meaning "
See also:free " (Mod . Ger. ledig means unoccupied, vacuus) . This is confirmed by the occurrence in a
See also:charter of
See also:Otto of Benthem, 1253, of a word " ledigh-man " (quoted in Ducange, Glossarium, s.v.), Proinde affecti sumus ligius home, quod Teutonice dictur Ledighman .
See also:Skeat, in explaining the application of " free " to such a relationship as that subsisting between a feudal superior and his vassal, says " ` a liege lord' seems to have been the lord of a free
See also:band; and his lieges, though serving under him, were privileged men, free from all other obligations; their name being due to their freedom, not to their service " (Etym .
See also:Diet., ed . 1898) . A . Luchaire (
See also:Manuel des institutions frangaises, 1892, p . 189, n . I) considers it difficult to
See also:call a man " free " who is under a strict obligation to another; further that the " liege " was not free from all obligation to a third party, for the charters prove without doubt that the " liege men " owed
See also:duty to more than one lord .
LIEGE (Walloon, Lige, Flemish, Luik, Ger. Lilltich)...
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