LIMERICK , a name which has been adopted to distinguish
See also:Roman boundary till the
See also:empire fell . The
See also:part was a certain
See also:form of
See also:verse which began to be cultivated in the
See also:middle different . The upper Rhine and upper
See also:Danube are easily of the 19th century . A limerick is a kind of burlesque
See also:epigram, crossed . The frontier which they form is inconveniently long, written in five lines . In its earlier form it had two rhymes, enclosing an acute-angled
See also:wedge of
See also:foreign territory—the
See also:modern the word which closed the first or second
See also:line being usually Baden and
See also:Wurttemberg . The German populations of these employed at the end of the fifth, but in later varieties different lands seem in Roman times to have been scanty, and Roman rhyming words are employed .. There is much uncertainty as subjects from the modern
See also:Alsace and
See also:Lorraine had drifted across to the meaning of the name, and as to the
See also:time when it became the
See also:river eastwards . The motives alike of
See also:con-attached to a particular
See also:species of nonsense verses . According venience and of the advantages to be gained by recognizing these to the New Eng .
See also:Diet . " a
See also:song has existed in
See also:Ireland for a very movements of Roman subjects combined to urge a forward considerable time, the construction of the verse of which is policy at Rome, and when the vigorous
See also:Vespasian had succeeded identical with that of
See also:Lear's " (see below), and in which the the
See also:Nero, a series of advances began which gradually invitation is repeated, " Will you come up to Limerick ?
" closed up the acute
See also:angle, or at least rendered it obtuse . Unfortunately, the specimen quoted in the New Eng . Diet. is not The first advance came about 74, when what is now Baden only not identical with, but does not resemble Lear's . Whatever was invaded and in part annexed and a road carried from the be the derivation of the name, however, it is now universally Roman
See also:base on the upper Rhine, Strassburg, to the Danube used to describe a set of verses formed on this
See also:model, with the just above
See also:Ulm . The point of the angle was broken off . The variations in
See also:rhyme noted above:— second advance was made by
See also:Domitian about A.D . 83 . He " There was an old man who said ' Hush! pushed out from Moguntiacum, extended the Roman territory I perceive a
See also:bird in that
See also:bush ! ' east of it and enclosed the whole within a systematically de- When they said, 'Is it small ? ' limited and defended frontier with numerous blockhouses along He replied, Not at all! it and larger forts in the
See also:rear . Among the blockhouses was one It is five times the
See also:size of the bush.' " which by various enlargements and refoundations
See also:grew into the The invention, or at least the earliest general use of this form, well-known Saalburg fort on the
See also:Taunus near Homburg . This advance necessitated a third
See also:movement, the construction of a frontier connecting the annexations of A.D .
7a and 83 . We know the line of this frontier which ran from the
See also:Main across the upland
See also:Odenwald to the upper
See also:waters of the
See also:Neckar and was defended by a chain of forts . We do not, however, know its date, save that, if not . Domitian's
See also:work, it was carried out soon after his
See also:death, and the whole frontier thus constituted was reorganized, probably by
See also:Hadrian, with a continuous wooden palisade reaching from Rhine to Danube . The angle between the
See also:rivers was now almost full . But there remained further advance and further fortification . Either Hadrian or, more probably, his successor
See also:Pius pushed out from the Odenwald and the Danube, and marked out a new frontier roughly parallel to but in advance of these two lines, though sometimes, as on the Taunus, coinciding with the older line . This is the frontier which is now visible and visited by the curious . It consists, as we see it to-
See also:day, of two distinct frontier
See also:works, one, 'known as the Pfahlgraben, is an earthen
See also:mound and ditch, best seen in the neighbourhood of the Saalburg but once extending from the Rhine southwards into southern Germany . The other, which begins where the earthwork stops, is a
See also:wall, though riot a very formidable wall, of
See also:stone, the Teufelsmauer; it runs roughly east and west parallel to the Danube, which it finally joins at Heinheim near
See also:Regensburg . The Pfahlgraben is remark-able for the extraordinary directness of its southern part, which for over 50 M. runs mathematically straight and points almost absolutely true for the Polar
See also:star . It is a clear case of an
See also:ancient frontier laid out in
See also:American fashion .
This frontier remained for about zoo years, and no doubt in that long
See also:period much was done to it to which we cannot affix precise
See also:dates . We cannot even be absolutely certain when the frontier laid out by Pius was equipped with the Pfahlgraben and Teufelsmauer . But we know that the pressure of the barbarians began to be
See also:felt seriously in the later part of the 2nd century, and after long struggles the whole or almost the whole
See also:district east of Rhine and
See also:north of Danube was lost—seemingly all within one
See also:short period—about A.D . 250 . The best
See also:English account will be found in H . F . Pelham's
See also:essay in Trans. of the Royal Hist .
See also:Soc. vol . 2o, reprinted in his Collected Papers, pp . 178-211 (
See also:Oxford, 1910), where the German authorities are fully cited . (F . _J .
LIME (O. Eng. lim, Lat. limes, mud, from linere, to...
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