LINCOLN , acity of S.E .
See also:Nebraska, U.S.A.,
See also:county-seat of
See also:Lancaster county and capital of the state . Pop . (1900) 40,169 (5297 being
See also:born); (1910
See also:census) 43,973 . It is served by the Chicago,
See also:Burlington & Quincy, the Chicago,
See also:Island & Pacific, the Union Pacific, the
See also:Missouri Pacific and the Chicago &
See also:railways . Lincoln is one of the most attractive residential cities of the
See also:Middle West .
See also:Salt Creek, an affluent of the Platte
See also:river, skirts the city . On this side the city has repeatedly suffered from floods . The
See also:principal buildings include a state capitol (built 1883-1889); a city-
See also:hall, formerly the U.S.
See also:building (1874-1879); a county
See also:house; a federal building (1904-1906); a Carnegie library (1902); a hospital for crippled
See also:children (1905) and a home for the friendless, both supoorted by the state; a state
See also:penitentiary and
See also:asylum for the insane, both in the suburbs; and the university of Nebraska . In the suburbs there are three denominational
See also:schools, the Nebraska Wesleyan University (Methodist Episcopal, 1888) at University Place; Union
See also:College (Seventh
See also:Adventists, 1891) at College View; and Cotner University (Disciples of Christ, 1889, incorporated as the Nebraska Christian University) at
See also:Bethany . Just outside the city limits are the state
See also:fair grounds, where a state fair is held annually . Lincoln is the see of a
See also:Roman Catholic bishopric .
See also:country is a beautiful farming region, but its immediate W. environs are predominantly
See also:bare and desolate salt-basins . Lincoln's " factory " product increased from $2,763,484 in 1900 to $5;222,620 in 1905, or 89%, the product for 19o5 being 3.4% of the
See also:total for ,the state . The
See also:municipality owns and operates its electric-
See also:lighting plant and
See also:works . The salt-springs attracted the first permanent settlers to the site of Lincoln in 1856, and settlers and freighters came long distances to reduce the brine or to scrape up the dry-
See also:surface deposits . In 3886-1887 the state sank a test-well 2463 ft. deep, which discredited any hope of a
See also:great underground flow or deposit . Scarcely any use is made of the salt
See also:waters locally . Lancaster county was organized extra-legally in 1859, and under legislative
See also:act in 1864; Lancaster
See also:village was platted and became the county-seat in 1864 (never being incorporated); and in 1867, when it contained five or six houses, its site was selected for the state capital after a hard-fought struggle between different sections of the state (see NEBRASKA).' The new city was incorporated as Lincoln (and formally declared the county-seat by the legislature) in 1869, and was chartered for the first
See also:time as a city of the second class in 1871; since then its
See also:charter has been repeatedly altered . After 1887 it was a city of the first class, and after 1889 the only member of the highest subdivision in that class . After a " reform "
See also:campaign, the ousting in 1887 of a corrupt
See also:judge by the mayor and city council, in
See also:defiance of an
See also:injunction of a federal court, led to a decision of the U.S . Supreme Court, favourable to the city authorities and important in questions of
See also:American municipal government .
FILE LINCOLN JUDGMENT
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