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RICHARD ADELBERT LIPSIUS (183o-1892)

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Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 743 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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RICHARD ADELBERT LIPSIUS (183o-1892)  , German
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Protestant theologian, son of K . H . A . Lipsius (d . 1861), who was rector of the school of St Thomas at
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Leipzig, was born at
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Gera on the 14th of
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February 183o . He studied at Leipzig, and eventually (1871) settled at
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Jena as professor ordinarius . He helped to found the " Evangelical Protestant Missionary Union " and the " Evangelical
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Alliance," and from 1874 took an active
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part in their management . He died at Jena on the 19th of August 1892 . Lipsius wrote principally on dogmatics and the
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history of early
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Christianity from a liberal and critical standpoint . A Neo-Kantian, he was to some extent an opponent of Albrecht Ritschl, demanding " a connected and consistent theory of the universe, which shall comprehend the entire
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realm of our experience as a whole . He rejects the
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doctrine of dualism in a truth, one division of which would be confined to ` judgments of value,' and be unconnected with our theoretical knowledge of the
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external
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world . The possibility of combining the results of our scientific knowledge with the declarations of our ethico-religious experience, so as to form a consistent philosophy, is based, according to Lipsius, upon the unity of the
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personal ego, which on the one hand knows the world scientifically, and on the other regards it as the means of realizing the ethico-religious
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object of its
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life " (
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Otto Pfleiderer) .

This, in part, is his attitude in Philosophic and

Religion (1885) . In his Lehrbuch der evang.-prot . Dogmatik (1876; 3rd ed., 1893) he deals in detail with the doctrines of "
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God," " Christ," "
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Justification " and the " Church." From 1875 he assisted K . Hase, O . Pfleiderer and E . Schrader in editing the Jahrbiicher fur prot . Theologie, and from 1885 till 18g1 he edited the Theol . Jahresbericht . His other
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works include Die Pilatusakten (1871, new ed., 1886), Dogmatische
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Bel/rage (1878), Die Quellen der altesten Ketzergeschichte (1875), Die apokryphen A postelgeschichten (1883-189o), Hauptpunkle der christl . Glaubenslehre im Umriss dargestellt (1889), and commentaries on the Epistles to the Galatians, Romans and Philippians in H . J . Holtzmann's llandkommentar zum Neuen Testament (1891-1892) .

End of Article: RICHARD ADELBERT LIPSIUS (183o-1892)
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