Online Encyclopedia

LIVERPOOL

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 804 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LIVERPOOL, a city, municipal, county and parliamentary borough, and seaport of Lancashire, England, 201 M. N.W. of London by rail, situated on the right bank of the estuary of the Mersey, the centre of the city being about 3 M. from the open sea. The form of the city is that of an irregular semicircle, having the base line formed by the docks and quays extending about 9 M. along the east bank of the estuary, which here runs nearly north and south, and varies in breadth from i to 2 M. On the north the city is partly bounded by the borough of Bootle, along the shore of which the line of docks is continued. The area of the city is 16,619 acres exclusive of water area. The population at the census of 19o1 was 684,958; the estimated population in 1908 was 753,203; the birth-rate for 1907 was 31.7 and the death-rate18.3; in 1908 the rateable value was 4,679,52o. The city lies on a continuous slope varying in gradient, but in some districts very steep. Exposed to the western sea breezes, with a dry subsoil and excellent natural drainage, the site is naturally healthy. The old borough, lying between the pool, now completely obliterated, and the river, was a conglomeration of narrow alleys without any regard to sanitary provisions; and during the 16th and 17th centuries it was several times visited by plague. When the town expanded beyond its original limits, plantation school in southern Virginia; and for three years conducted a school of her own in Duxbury, Mass. Upon returning from Virginia she had joined the abolitionists, and she took an active part in the Washingtonian temperance movement.' In 1845 she married Daniel Parker Livermore (1819—1899), a Universalist clergyman. In 1857 they removed to Chicago, Illinois, where she assisted her husband in editing the religious weekly, The New Covenant (1857—1869). During the Civil War, as an associate member of the United States Sanitary Commission,and as an agent of its North-western branch, she organized many aid societies, contributed to the success of the North-western Sanitary Fair in Chicago in 1863, and visited army posts and hospitals. After the war she devoted herself to the promotion of woman's suffrage and to temperance reform, founding in Chicago in 1869 The Agitator, which in 1870 was merged into the Woman's Journal (Boston), of which she was an associate editor until 1872. She died in Melrose, Mass. on the 23rd of May 1905. She had been president of the Illinois, the Massachusetts and the American woman's suffrage associations, the Massachusetts Woman's Christian Temperance Union and the Woman's Congress, and a member of . many other societies. She lectured in the United States, England and Scotland, contributed to magazines and wrote: The Children's Army (1844), temperance stories; Thirty Years Too Late (1848), a temperance story; A Mental Transformation (1848); Pen Pictures (1863), short stories; What Shall We Do With Our Daughters? and Other Lectures (1883); My Story of the War (1888); and The Story of My Life (1897). With Frances E. Willard, she edited A Woman of the Century: Biographical Sketches of Leading American Women (1893).
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