Online Encyclopedia

LODZ (L6dz; more correctly Lodzia)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 862 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LODZ (L6dz; more correctly Lodzia), a town of Russian Poland, in the government of Piotrk6w, 82 m. by rail S.W. of Warsaw. It is situated on the Lodz plateau, which at the beginning of the 19th century was covered with impenetrable forests. Now it is the centre of a group of industrial towns—Zgert, Leczyca, Pabianice, Konstantinov and Aleksandrov. Chiefly owing to a considerable immigration of German capitalists and workers, Lodz has grown with American-like rapidity. It consists principally of one main street, 7 M. long, and is a sort of Polish Manchester, manufacturing cottons, woollens and mixed stuffs, with chemicals, beer, machinery and silk, One of the very few educational institutions is a professional industrial school. The population, which was only 5o,000 in 1872, reached 351.570 in 1900; the Poles numbering about 37%, Germans 4o% and Jews 221%.
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