Online Encyclopedia

JOHN LOGAN (1748-1788)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 866 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!

JOHN LOGAN (1748-1788)  , Scottish poet, was born at Soutra, Midlothian, in 1748 . His
See also:
father, George Logan, was a farmer and a member of the Burgher
See also:
sect of the
See also:
Secession church . John Logan was sent to
See also:
Musselburgh grammar school, and in 1762 to the university of
See also:
Edinburgh . In 1768-'769 he was tutor to John, afterwards
See also:
Sir John, Sinclair, at Ulbster,
See also:
Caithness, and in 1770, having
See also:
left the Secession church, he was licensed as a preacher by the
See also:
presbytery of Haddington . In 1771 he was presented to the charge of South
See also:
Leith, but was not ordained till two years later . On the
See also:
death of Michael Bruce (q.v.) he obtained that poet's
See also:
MSS. with a view to publication . In 1770 he published Poems on Several Occasions, by Michael Bruce with a preface, in which, after eulogizing Bruce, who had been a
See also:
fellow student of his, he remarked that " to make up a
See also:
miscellany some poems wrote by different authors are inserted, all of them originals, and none of them destitute of merit . The reader of taste will easily distinguish them from those of Mr Bruce, without their being particularized by any mark." Logan was an active member of the committee of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland which worked from 1775 to 1781 at revising the "
See also:
Translations and Paraphrases " for public worship, in which many of his
See also:
hymns are printed . In 1779-1781 he delivered a course of lectures on the philosophy of
See also:
history at St Mary's
See also:
Chapel, Edinburgh . An analysis of these lectures, Elements of the Philosophy of History (1781), bears striking resemblance to A View of Ancient History (1787), printed as the
See also:
work of Dr W . Rutherford, but thought by Logan's friends to be his . In 1781 he published his own Poems, including the " Ode to the
See also:
Cuckoo " and some other poems which had appeared in his
See also:
volume of Michael Bruce's poems, and also his own contributions to the Paraphrases .

His other publications were An

Essay on the Manners and Governments of
See also:
Asia (1782), Runnamede, a tragedy (1783), and A Review of the
See also:
Principal Charges against Warren Hastings (1788) . His connexion with the theatre gave offence to his congregation at South Leith; he was intemperate in his habits, and there was some
See also:
local
See also:
scandal attached to his name . He resigned his charge in 1786, retaining
See also:
part of his
See also:
stipend, and proceeded to
See also:
London, where he became a writer for the
See also:
English Review . He died on the 28th of December 1788 . Two
See also:
posthumous volumes of sermons appeared in 1790 and 1791 . They were very popular, and were reprinted in 181o . His Poetical
See also:
Works were printed in Dr Robert Anderson's
See also:
British Poets (vol. xi., 1795), with a
See also:
life of the author . They were reprinted in similar collections, and separately in 1805 . Logan was accused of having appropriated in his Poems (1781) verses written by Michael Bruce . The statements of John Birrell and David Pearson on behalf of Bruce were included in Dr Anderson's Life of Logan . The charge of
See also:
plagiarism has been revived from time to time, notably by Dr W . Mackelvie (1837) and Mr James Mackenzie (1905) .

The whole controversy has been marked by strong partisanship . The

chief points against Logan are the suppression of the major portion of Bruce's MSS. and some proved cases of plagiarism in his sermons and hymns . Even in the beautiful " Braes of
See also:
Yarrow " one of the verses is borrowed
See also:
direct from an old border ballad . The traditional evidence in favour of Bruce's authorship of the " Ode to the Cuckoo" can hardly be set aside, but Dr Robertson of Dalmeny, who was Logan's
See also:
literary executor, stated that he had gone over the MSS. procured at Kinnesswood with Logan . Logan's authorship of the poems in dispute is defended by David Laing, Ode to the Cuckoo with remarks on its authorship, in a letter to J . C . Shairp, LL.D . (1873) ; by John Small in the British and
See also:
Foreign Evangelical Review (
See also:
July, 1877,
See also:
April and
See also:
October, 1879); and by R . Small in two papers (ibid., 1878) . See also BauCE, MICHAEL .

End of Article: JOHN LOGAN (1748-1788)
[back]
LOGAN
[next]
JOHN LOGAN (c. 1725-1780)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.