Online Encyclopedia

LOO (formerly called " Lanterloo," Fr...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 988 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LOO (formerly called " Lanterloo," Fr. lanturlu, the refrain of a popular 17th-century
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song)
  , a round
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game of cards, played by any number of persons; from five to seven makes the best game . " Three-card loo " is the game usually played . An ordinary pack of fifty-two cards is used and the
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deal passes after each round . Each player must have the same number of deals; but if there is a " loo " (the sum forfeited by a player who plays, but does not win a
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trick) in the last deal of a round, the game continues till there is a hand without a loo . The dealer deals three cards face downwards, one by one, to each player and an extra hand called "
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miss," and turns up the top of the undealt cards for trumps . Each player contributes tothe
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pool a sum previously agreed upon . The unit for a single stake should be divisible by three without a remainder, e.g. three counters or three pence . The players are bound to put in the stake before the deal is completed . Each player in rotation, beginning from the dealer's
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left, looks at his cards, and declares whether he will
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play, or pass, or take " miss." If the former, he says " I play." If he takes miss he places his cards face downwards in the
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middle of the table, and takes up the extra hand . If he passes, he similarly places his cards face downwards in the middle of the table . If miss is taken, the subsequent players only have the option of playing or passing . A player who takes miss must play .

Those who are now left in play one card each in rotation, beginning from the dealer's left, the cards thus played constituting a trick . The trick is won by the highest card of the suit led, or, if trumped, by the highest

trump, the cards ranking as at
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whist . The winner of the trick leads to the next, and so on, until the hand is played out . The cards remain face upwards in front of the persons placing them . If the leader holds ace of trumps he must lead it (or king, if ace is turned up) . If the leader has two trumps he must lead one of them, and if one is ace (or king, ace being turned up) he must lead it . With this exception the leader is not bound to lead his highest trump if more than two declare to play; but if there are only two declared players the leader with more than one trump must lead the highest . Except with trumps as above stated he may lead any card he chooses . The subsequent players must head the trick if able, and must follow suit if able . Holding none of the suit led, they must head the trick with a trump, if able . Otherwise they may play any card they please . The winner of the first trick is subject to the rules already stated respecting the lead, and in addition he must lead a trump if able (called trump after trick) .

When the hand has been played out, the winners of the tricks

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divide the pool, each receiving one-third of the amount for each trick . If only one has declared to play, the dealer plays miss either for himself or for the pool . If he plays for the pool he must declare before seeing miss that he does not play for himself . Any tricks he may win, when playing for the pool, remain there as an addition to the next pool . Other rules provide that the dealer must play, if only one player stands, with his own cards or with " miss." If miss is gone and against him, he may defend with the three top cards of the pack, excluding the trump card; these cards are called " master." If each declared player wins at least one trick it is a single, i.e. a fresh pool is made as already described; but if one of the declared players fails to make a trick he is looed . Then only the player who is looed contributes to the next pool . If more than one player is looed, each has to contribute . At unlimited loo each player looed has to put in the amount there was in the pool . But it is often agreed to limit the loo, so that it shall not exceed a certain fixed sum . Thus, at eighteen-penny loo, the loo is generally limited to
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half a
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guinea . If there is less than the limit in the pool the payment is regulated as before; but if there is more than the limit, the loo is the fixed sum agreed on . The game is sometimes varied by " forces," i.e. by compelling every one to play in the first deal, or when there is no loo the previous deal, or whenever clubs are trumps (" club law ") .

When there is a force no miss is dealt . " Irish loo " is played by allowing declared players to

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exchange some or all of their cards for cards dealt from the top of the pack . There is no miss, and it is not compulsory to lead a trump with two trumps, unless there are only two declared players . At " five-card loo " each player has five cards instead of three, and a single stake should be divisible by five . " Pam " (knave of clubs) ranks as the highest trump, whatever suit is turned up . There is no miss, and cards may be exchanged as at Irish loo . If ace of trumps is led, the leader says " Pam be
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civil," when the holder of that card must pass the trick if he can do so without revoking . A flush (five cards of the same suit, or four with Pam) " loos the board," i.e. the holder receives the amount of a loo from every one, and the hand is not played . A trump flush takes precedence of flushes in other suits . If more than one flush is held, or if Pam is held, the holder is exempted from payment . As between two flushes which do not take precedence, the elder hand wins . A single stake should be divisible by five .

End of Article: LOO (formerly called " Lanterloo," Fr. lanturlu, the refrain of a popular 17th-century song)
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WILLIAM LONSDALE (1994-1871)
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