LORIENT , a maritime
See also:town of western France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of
See also:Morbihan, on the right
See also:bank of the Scorff at its confluence with the Blavet, 34 M . W. by N. of
See also:Vannes by
See also:rail . Pop . (1oo6) 40,848 . The town is
See also:modern and regularly built . Its chief
See also:objects of
See also:interest are the
See also:church of St
See also:Louis (1709) and a statue by A .
See also:Mercie of Victor Masse, the composer,
See also:born at Lorient in 1822 . It is one of the five maritime prefectures in France and the first
See also:port for
See also:naval construction in the.
See also:country . The naval port to the east of the town is formed by the channel of the Scorff, on the right bank of which the chief naval establishments are situated . These include magazines, foundries, forges, fitting-shops, rope-
See also:works and other workshops on the most extensive scale, as well as a graving
See also:dock, a covered slip and other slips . A floating
See also:bridge connects the right bank with the peninsula of Caudan formed by the union of the Scorff and Blavet . Here are the
See also:shipbuilding yards covering some 38 acres, and comprising nine slips for large vessels and two others for smaller vessels, besides forges and workshops for iron
See also:building .
The commercial port to thesouth of the town consists of an
See also:outer tidal port protected by a
See also:jetty and of an inner dock, both lined by
See also:fine quays planted with trees . It separates the older
See also:part of the town, which is hemmed in by fortifications from a newer quarter . In 1905, 121 vessels of 28,785 tons entered with cargo and 145 vessels of 38,207 tons cleared . The chief export is
See also:timber, the chief import is
See also:coal . Fishing is actively carried on . Lorient is the seat of a sub-
See also:prefect, of commercial and maritime tribunals and of a tribunal of first instance, and has a chamber of commerce, a
See also:board of
See also:trade-arbitrators, a lycee,
See also:schools of navigation, and naval
See also:artillery . Private
See also:industry is also engaged in iron-working and engine making . The trade in fresh
See also:fish, sardines, oysters (which are reared near Lorient) and tinned vegetables is important and the manufacture of
See also:work, tin-boxes and passementerie, and the preparation of preserved sardines and vegetables are carried on . The road-
See also:stead, formed by the estuary of the Blavet, is accessible to vessels of the largest
See also:size; the entrance, 3 or 4 M. south from Lorient, which is defended by numerous forts, is marked on the east by the peninsula of Gavres (an artillery practising ground) and the fortified town of Port Louis; on the west are the fort of Loqueltas and, higher up, the battery of Kernevel . In the
See also:middle of the channel is the granite
See also:rock of St Michel, occupied by a powder
See also:magazine . Opposite it, on the right bank of the Blavet, is the mouth of the
See also:river Ter, with fish and
See also:oyster breeding establishments from which 10 millions of oysters are annually obtained . The roadstead is provided with six lighthouses .
Above Lorient on the Scorff, here spanned by a suspension bridge, is Kerentrech, a
See also:village surrounded by numerous country houses . Lorient took the place of . Port.Louis:as!.tit ;port of the Blavet . The latter stands. on the..site;.of.an;
See also:hamlet which was fortified during. the
See also:wars of the
See also:League and handed over by
See also:Emmanuel, duke of Morcoeur, to the Spaniards . After the treaty of Vervins it was restored to France, and it received its name of Port Louis under
See also:Richelieu . Some Breton merchants trading with the Indies had established themselves first at Port Louis, but in 1628 they built their warehouses on the other bank . The Compagnie
See also:des Indes Orientales, created in 1664, took possession of these, giving them the name of 1'Orient . In 1745 the Compagnie des Indes, then at the
See also:acme of its prosperity, owned
See also:ships of the largest class and many others of considerable size . Its decadence
See also:dates from the
See also:conquest of India, and in 1770 its
See also:property was ceded to the state . In 1782 the town was
See also:purchased by Louis XVI.. from its owners, the Rohan-Guemene
See also:family . In 1746 the English under
See also:Richard Lestock made an unsuccessful attack on Lorient .
LORINER, or LORIMER (from O. Fr. loremier or loreni...
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