LOTHAIR (825-869) ,
See also:king of the
See also:district called after him Lotharingia, or
See also:Lorraine, was the second son of the emperor Lothair I . On his
See also:death in 855, he received for his
See also:kingdom a district lying west of the Rhine, between the
See also:Sea and the Jura mountains, which was called Regnum Lotharii and early in the loth century became known as Lotharingia or Lorraine . On the death of his
See also:Charles in 863 he added some lands south of the Jura to this
See also:inheritance, but, except for a few feeble expeditions against the Danish pirates, he seems to have done little for its
See also:government or its defence . The reign was chiefly occupied by efforts on the
See also:part of Lothair to obtain a
See also:divorce from his wife Teutberga, a
See also:sister of Hucbert,
See also:abbot of St
See also:Maurice (d . 864); and his relations with his uncles, Charles the Bald and
See also:Louis the German, were inflltepceti Iv his
See also:desire to obtain their support to this plan . Although quarrels and reconciliations between the three
See also:kings followed each other in
See also:quick succession, in general it may be said that Louis favoured the divorce, and Charles opposed it, while neither lost sight of the fact that Lothair was without male issue . Lothair, whose desire for the divorce was prompted by his affection for a certain Waldrada, put away Teutberga; but Hucbert took up arms on her behalf, and after she had submitted successfully to the ordeal of
See also:water, Lothair was compelled to restore her in 858 . Still pursuing his purpose, he won the support of his brother, the emperor Louis II., by a cession of lands, and obtained the consent of the
See also:clergy to the divorce and to his
See also:marriage with Waldrada, which was celebrated in 862 . A synod of Frankish bishops met at
See also:Metz in 863 and confirmed this decision, but Teutberga fled to the
See also:court of Charles the Bald, and
See also:Nicholas I. declared against the decision of the synod . An attack on Rome by the emperor was without result, and in 865 Lothair, convinced that Louis and Charles at their
See also:meeting had discussed the
See also:partition of his kingdom, and threatened with excommunication, again took back his wife . Teutberga, however, either from inclination or compulsion, now expressed her desire for a divorce, and Lothair went to Italy to obtain the assent of the new pope Adrian II . Placing a favourable
See also:interpretation upon the words of the pope, he had set out on the return '
See also:journey, when he was seized with fever and died at
See also:Piacenza on the 8th of
See also:August 869 .
See also:left, by Waldrada, a son Hugo who was declared illegitimate, and his kingdom was divided between Charles the Bald and Louis the German . See
See also:Hincmar, " Opusculum de divortio Lotharii regis et Tetbergae reginae," in Cursus completus patrologiae, tome cxxv., edited by J . P .
See also:Migne (
See also:Paris, 1857—1879); M . Sdralek, Hinkmars von Rheims Kanonistisches Gutachten fiber die Ehescheidung
See also:des Konigs Lothar II . (
See also:Freiburg, 1881) ; E . Diimmler, Geschichte des ostfrankischen Reiches (
See also:Leipzig, 1887–1888) ; and E . Miihlbacher, Die Regenten des Kaiserreichs unter den Karolingern (
See also:Innsbruck, 1881) . .
See also:LOTHIAN, EARLS AND MARQUESSES OF . MARK KERR, 1st
See also:earl of Lothian (d . 1609), was the eldest son of Mark Kerr (d . 1584), abbot, and then commendator, of Newbattle, or Newbottle, and was a member of the famous border
See also:family of
See also:Ker of Cessford .
The earls anddukes of
See also:Roxburghe, who are also descended from the Kers of Cessford, have adopted the spelling Ker, while the earls and marquesses of Lothian have taken the
See also:form Kerr . Like his father, the abbot of Newbattle, Mark Kerr was an extraordinary
See also:lord of session under the Scottish king
See also:James VI.; he became Lord Newbattle in 1587 and was created earl of Lothian in 16o6 . He was
See also:master of inquests from 1577 to 1606, and he died on the 8th of
See also:April 1609, having had, as
See also:report says,
See also:children by his wife,
See also:Margaret (d . 1617), daughter of
See also:John Maxwell, 4th Lord Herries . His son Robert, the 2nd earl, died without sons in
See also:July 1624 . He had, in 1621, obtained a
See also:charter from the king enabling his daughter Anne to succeed to his estates provided that she married a member of the family of Ker . Consequently in 1631. she married
See also:William Ker, son of Robert, 1st earl of
See also:Ancrum (1578–1654), a member of the family of Ker of Ferniehurst, whose father, William Ker, had been killed in 1590 by Robert Ker, afterwards 1st earl of Roxburghe . Robert was in attendance upon Charles I. both before and after he came to the
See also:throne, and was created earl of Ancrum in 1633 . He was a writer and a man of culture, and among his friends were the poet
See also:Donne and
See also:Drummond of Hawthornden . His elder son William was created earl of Lothian in 1631, the
See also:year of his marriage with Anne Kerr, and
See also:Sir William Kerr of Blackhope, a brother of the 2nd earl, who had taken the title of earl of Lothian in 1624, was forbidden to use it (see
See also:Correspondence of Sir Robert Ker, earl of Ancrum, and his son William, thud earl of Lothian, 1875) .
LOT (Lat. Oltis)
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