LOUGHBOROUGH , amarket
See also:town and municipal
See also:borough in the Loughborough (
See also:parliamentary division of
See also:Leicestershire, England, near the
See also:river Soar and on the Loughborough canal . Pop . (1901) 21,508 . It is 110 M . N.N.W. of
See also:London by the Midland railway, and is served by the
See also:Great Central and a branch of the London and
See also:railways . The neighbourhood is a
See also:rich agricultural
See also:district, and to the S.W. lies the hilly
See also:tract known as Charnwood
See also:Forest . The
See also:church of All
See also:Saints stands on rising ground, and is a conspicuous
See also:object for many
See also:round; it is of Decorated
See also:work, and the tower is Perpendicular . The other churches are
See also:modern . Public buildings include the town
See also:hall and
See also:exchange, town offices,
See also:county hall and
See also:free library . The grammar school, founded in 1495 under the charity of
See also:Burton, occupies modern buildings in pleasant grounds . There is also a girls' grammar school partly dependent on the same foundation . The
See also:industry is
See also:hosiery making; there are also
See also:engineering, iron and dye
See also:works and
See also:bell foundries .
The great bell for StPaul's
See also:cathedral, London, was
See also:cast here in 1881 . Loughborough was incorporated in 1888 .
See also:Area, 3045 acres . The
See also:manor of Loughborough (Lucteburne, Lucteburg, Lughteburgh) was granted by
See also:William the Conqueror to Hugh Lupus, from whom it passed to the Despensers . In 1226-1227 when it belonged to Hugh Despenser he obtained various privileges for himself and his men and tenants there, among which were quittance from suits at the county and
See also:hundred courts, of sheriffs'.
See also:aids and of view of
See also:frankpledge, and also a market every
See also:Thursday and a
See also:fair on the
See also:day and morrow of St
See also:Peter ad vincula . The market rights were
See also:purchased by the town in 188o from the trustees of Thomas
See also:lord of the manor .
See also:Edward II. visited the manor several times when it belonged to his favourite, Hugh Despenser the elder . Among the subsequent lords were
See also:Henry de
See also:Beaumont and Alice his wife,
See also:Sir Edward Hastings, created Baron Hastings of Loughborough in 1558, Colonel Henry Hastings, created baron in 1645, and the earls of Huntingdon .
See also:Alexander Wedderburn was created Baron Loughborough in 1780 when he became chief
See also:justice of the
See also:common pleas . During the 19th century most of the manorial rights were purchased by the
See also:board . Loughborough was at first governed by a
See also:bailiff, afterwards by a local board, and was finally incorporated in 1888 under a mayor, 6 aldermen and 18 councillors . It has never been represented in parliament .
See also:Lace-making was formerly the chief industry, but
See also:machines for making lace set up in the town by
See also:John Heathcote were destroyed by the
See also:Luddites in 1816, and the manufacture lost its importance . Bell-founding was introduced in 184o . John
See also:Cleveland, the Royalist poet, was
See also:born at Loughborough in 1613, John
See also:Howe the painter in 163o and
See also:Richard Pulteney the botanist in 1730 . See
See also:Victoria County
See also:History, Leicestershire ; W . G . D .
See also:Fletcher, Chapters in the History of Loughborough (1883); Sir Thomas Pochin, "
See also:Historical Description of Loughborough " (1970) (vol. viii. of Bibliotheca topographica Britannica) .
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