Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 53 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LOUISE [AUGUSTE WILHELMINE AMALIE LUISE] (1776-1810), queen of Prussia, was born on the loth of March 1776 in Hanover, where her father, Prince Charles of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, was field-marshal of the household brigade. Her mother was a princess of Hesse-Darmstadt. In 1793 Louise met at Frankfort the crown prince of Prussia, afterwards King Frederick William III., who was so fascinated by her beauty, and by the nobleness of her character, that he asked her to become his wife. They were married on the 24th of December of the same year. As queen of Prussia she commanded universal respect and affection, and nothing in Prussian history is more pathetic than the dignity and unflinching courage with which she bore the sufferings inflicted on her and her family during the war between Prussia and France. After the battle of Jena she went with her husband to Konigsberg, and when the battles of Eylau and Friedland had placed Prussia absolutely at the mercy of France, she made a personal appeal to Napoleon at his headquarters in Tilsit, but without success. Early in 18o8 she accompanied the king from Memel to Konigsberg, whence, towards the end of the year, she visited St Petersburg, returning to Berlin on the 23rd of December 1809. During the war Napoleon attempted. to destroy the queen's reputation, but the only effect of his charges in Prussia was to make her more deeply beloved. On the 19th of July 1810 she died in her husband's arms, while visiting her father in Strelitz. She was buried in the garden of the palace at Charlottenburg, where a mausoleum, containing a fine recumbent statue by Rauch, was built over her grave. In 1840 her husband was buried by her side. The Louise Foundation (Luisenstift) for the education of girls was established in her honour, and in 1814 Frederick William III. instituted the Order of Louise (Luisenorden). In 188o a statue of Queen Louise was erected in the Thiergarten at Berlin. See F. Adami, Luise, Konigin von Preussen (7th ed., 1875) ; E. Engel, Konigin Luise (1876); A. Kluckhohn, Luise, Konigin von Preussen (1876) ; Mommsen and Treitschke, Konigin Luise (1876); in English, Hudson, Life and Times of Louisa, Queen of Prussia (1874); G. Horn, Das Buch von der Koni in Luise (Berlin, 1883); A. Lonke, Konigin Luise von Preussen (Leipzig, 1903) ; H. von Petersdorff, Konigin Luise," Frauenleben, Bd. i. (Bielefeld, 1903, 2nd ed., 1904).
LOUISE OF SAVOY (1476-1531)

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