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LOUIS HENRY JOSEPH

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 842 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LOUIS HENRY JOSEPH, duke of Bourbon (1756-1830), son of the last named, was the last prince of Conde. Several of the earlier events of his life, especially his marriage with the princess Louise of Orleans, and the duel that the conate d'Artois provoked by raising the veil of the princess at a masked ball, caused much scandal. At the Revolution he fought with the army of the emigres in Liege. Between the return of Napoleon from Elba and the battle of Waterloo, he headed with no success a royalist rising in La Vendee. In 1829 he made a will by which he appointed as his heir the duc d'Aumale, and made some considerable bequests to his mistress, the baronne de Feucheres (q.v.). On the 27th of August 183o he was found hanged on the fastening of his window. A crime was generally suspected, and the princes de Rohan, who were relatives of the deceased, disputed the will. Their petition, however, was dismissed by the courts.. Two cadet branches of the house of Conde played an important part: those of Soissons and Conti. The first, sprung from Charles of Bourbon (b: 1566), son of Louis I., prince of Conde, became extinct in the legitimate male line in 1641. The second took its origin from Armand of Bourbon, born in 1629, son of Henry II., prince of Conde, and survived up to 1814. See Muret, L'Histoire de 1'armee de Conde; Chamballand, Vie de Louis Joseph, prince de Conde; Cretineau-Joly, Histoire des trois derniers princes de la maison de Conde; and Histoire des princes de Conde, by the duc d'Aumale (translated by R. B. Borthwick, 1872).
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