LUCIAN (d. 312) ,Christian
See also:martyr, was
See also:born, like the famous,
See also:heathen writer of the same name, at Samosata . His parents, who were Christians, died when he was in his twelfth
See also:year . In his youth he studied under Macarius of Edessa, and after receiving
See also:baptism he adopted a strictly ascetic
See also:life, and devoted himself with zeal to the continual study of scripture . Settling at
See also:Antioch when Malchion was
See also:master of the Greek school he became a presbyter, and, while supporting himself by his skill as a rapid writer, became celebrated as a teacher, so that he is regarded as the founder of the famous theological school of Antioch . He did not
See also:escape suspicion of
See also:heresy, and is represented as the connecting
See also:link between Paul of Samosata and
See also:Arius . Indeed, on the deposition of the former (A.D . 268) he was excluded from ecclesiastical fellowship by three successive bishops of Antioch, while Arius seems to have been among his pupils (
See also:Theodoret, Hist . Eccl. i . 3, 4) . He was, however, restored before the outbreak of persecution, and the reputation won by his high character and learning was confirmed by his courageous martyrdom . He was carried to
See also:Nicomedia before Maximin Daza, and persisting in his faith perished on the 7th of
See also:January 312, under torture and
See also:hunger, which he refused to satisfy with
See also:food offered to idols . His defence is preserved by
See also:Rufinus (ix .
See also:Eusebius, Hist . Eccl. ix . 9) . His remains were conveyed to Drepanum in
See also:Bithynia, and under
See also:Constantine the
See also:town was founded anew in his
See also:honour with the name of Helenopolis, and exempted from ta4es by the emperor (A.D . 327)(see Chron . Pasch.,
See also:Bonn ed., p . 527) . Here in 387, on the anniversary of his
See also:Chrysostom delivered the panegyrical
See also:homily from which, with notices in Eusebius, Theodoret and the other ecclesiastical historians, the life by
See also:Jerome (Vir .
See also:Ill. cap . 77), but especially from the account by S . Metaphrastes (cited at length in
See also:Bernhardy's notes to Suidas, s.v. voBebei), the facts above given are derived . See also, for the celebration of his
See also:day in the
See also:Syriac churches,
See also:Wright, Cat. of Syr .
See also:MSS. p . 283 . Jerome says that Lucian wrote Libelli de fide and several letters, but only a
See also:short fragment of one
See also:epistle remains (Chron . Pasch., ed .
See also:Dindorf, i . 516) . The authorship of a confession of faith ascribed to Lucian and put forth at the semi-Arian synod of Antioch (A.D . 341) is questioned . Lucian's most important
See also:literary labour was his edition of the Greek Old Testament corrected by the
See also:Hebrew text, which, according to Jerome (Adv . Ruf. ii . 77), was in current use from Constantinople to Antioch . That the edition of Lucian is represented by the text used by Chrysostom and Theodoret, as well as by certain extant MSS., such as the Arundelian of the
See also:British Museum, was proved by F .
See also:Field (Prol. ad Origenis
See also:Hexapla, cap. ix.) . Before the publication of Field's Hexapla,
See also:Lagarde had already directed his
See also:attention to the Antiochian text (as that of Lucian may be called) and ultimately published the first
See also:part (
See also:Genesis, 2 Esdras,
See also:Esther) of a provisional reconstructed text . The distinguishing marks of the Lucianic recension are thus summarized by S . R .
See also:Driver, Notes on Heb . Text of
See also:Samuel, p. li. seq.: (I) The substitution of synonyms for the words employed by the Septuagint; (2) the occurrence of
See also:double renderings; (3) the occurrence of renderings " which presuppose a Hebrew
See also:original self-evidently
See also:superior in the passages concerned to the existing Massoretic text," a peculiarity which makes it very important for the
See also:criticism of the Hebrew Bible . From a statement of Jerome in his preface to the gospels it seems probable that Lucian had also a
See also:share in fixing the Syrian recension of the New Testament text, but of this it is impossible to speak with certainty . He was associated in his
See also:work with the Hebraist
See also:Dorotheus . See, generally, A .
See also:art. in Hauck-Herzog, Realencyk. vol. xi., and for " remains " Routh, Rel .
See also:Sac. iv . 3-17 .
A full account of his recension of the Septuagint is given in H . B . Swete's Introduction to the Old Testament in Greek, p . 81 sqq . ; and a
See also:good account of his doctrinal position in the prolegomena to the
See also:volume on
See also:Athanasius in the series of Nicene and
See also:Post-Nicene Fathers (p.
See also:xxviii.) and A . Harnack's
See also:History of
See also:Dogma, especially vol. iv .
LUCIA (or LucY), ST
LUCIAN [Aowaavos] (c. A.D. 120-180)
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