Online Encyclopedia

LUCIA (or LucY), ST

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 100 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LUCIA (or LucY), ST  , virgin and martyr of Syracuse, whose name figures in the
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canon of the mass, and whose festival is celebrated on the 13th of December . According to the legend, she lived in the reign of Diocletian . Her
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mother, having been miraculously cured of an illness at the sepulchre of St
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Agatha in Catania, was persuaded by Lucia to distribute all her
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wealth to the poor . The youth to whom the daughter had been betrothed forthwith denounced her to Pascasius, the prefect, who ordered that she should be taken away and subjected to shameful outrage . But it was found that no force which could be applied was able to move her from the spot on which she stood; even boiling oil and burning pitch had no power to hurt her, until at last she was slain with the sword . The most important documents concerning St Lucy are the mention in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum and the ancient inscription discovered at Syracuse, in which her festival is indicated . Many paintings represent her bearing her eyes in her hand or on a
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salver . Some artists have even represented her blind, but nothing in her Acta justifies this representation . It is probable that it originated in a
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play upon words (Lucia, from
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Lat. lux,
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light), just as St Clair is invoked in cases of eye-disease . See O . Caietanus, Vitae sanctorum Siculorum, i . 114-12I (Palermo, 1657) ; loannes de Ioanne, Acta sincera sanctae Luciae (Palermo, 1758) ; Analecta Bollandiana, xxii .

492; Cahier, Caracteristiques

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des saints, i. toy (Paris, 1867) . (H .

End of Article: LUCIA (or LucY), ST
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