Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 125 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LUNEBURGER HEIDE, a district of Germany, in the Prussian province of Hanover, lying between the Aller and the Elbe and intersected by the railways Harburg-Hanover and Bremen-Stendal. Its main character is that of a broad saddle-back, running for 55 M. from S.E. to N.W. of a mean elevation of about 250 ft. and attaining its greatest height in the Wilseder Berg (550 ft.) at its northern end. The soil is quartz sand and is chiefly covered with heather and brushwood. In the north, and in the deep valleys through which the streams descend to the plain, there are extensive forests of oak, birch and beech, and in the south, of fir and larch. Though the climate is raw and good soil rare, the heath is not unfertile. Its main products are sheep—the celebrated Heidschnucken breed,—potatoes, bilberries, cranberries and honey. The district is also remarkable for the numerous Hun barrows found scattered throughout its whole extent. See Rabe, Die Luneburger Heide and die Bewirthschaftung der Heidhofe (Jena, 1900) ; Kniep, Fz hrer durch die Luneburger Heide (Hanover, 1900) ; Linde, Die Luneburger Heide (Luneburg, 1905), and Kuck, Das alle Bauernleben der Luneburger Heide (Leipzig, 1906).
LUNETTE (French diminutive of lune, moon)

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