See also:American educationalist, was
See also:born on the 28th of
See also:February 1797 on a
See also:farm near Buckland,
See also:county, Massachusetts . She began to teach when shewas seventeen, and in 1817, with the earnings from her
See also:spinning and
See also:weaving, she went to
See also:Sanderson Academy, Ashfield . She supported herself there, at Amherst Academy, where she spent one
See also:term, and at the girls' school in Byfield, established in 1819 by
See also:Joseph Emerson (1777-1833), where she went in 1821, by teaching in
See also:schools and by conducting informal normal schools . In 1822-1824 she was assistant
See also:principal of Sanderson Academy, and then taught in
See also:Miss Zilpah P .
See also:Female Academy, in
See also:Londonderry (now Derry), N.H . This school had only summer sessions, and Miss Lyon spent her winters in teaching, especially at Buckland and at Ashfield, and in studying chemistry and natural science with
See also:Edward Hitchcock, the geologist . In 1828-1834 she taught in Miss Grant's school, which in 1828 had been removed to
See also:Ipswich, and for two years managed the school in Miss Grant's
See also:absence . In 1828-183o she had kept up her winter " normal " school at Buckland, and this was the beginning of her greater plan, " a permanent institution consecrated to the training of
See also:women for usefulness . . . designed to furnish every
See also:advantage which the state of
See also:education in this
See also:country will allow . . . to put within reach of students of moderate means such opportunities that none can find better." She was assisted by Dr Hitchcock, and her own mystical
See also:enthusiasm and
See also:common sense secured for her plan ready
See also:financial support . In 1835 a site was selected near the
See also:village of South Hadley and
See also:Holyoke; in 1836 the school was incorporated as Mount Holyoke Female Seminary; and on the 8th of
See also:November 1837 it opened with Mary Lyon as principal, and, as assistant, Miss Eunice Caldwell, afterwards well known as Mrs J . P .
Cowles of Ipswich Academy . Miss Lyon died at Mount Holyoke on the 5th of
See also:March 1849, having served nearly twelve years as principal of the seminary, on a
See also:salary of $20o a
See also:year . From her
See also:work at Holyoke sprang
See also:modern higher education for women in
See also:America . See Edward Hitchcock,
See also:Life and Labors of Mary Lyon (1851); B . B . Gilchrist, Life of Mary Lyon (Boston, 191o) .
NATHANIEL LYON (1818-1861)
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