MACARONICS , a
See also:species of burlesque
See also:poetry, in which words from a
See also:modern vernacular, with Latin endings, are introduced into Latin
See also:verse, so as to produce a ridiculous effect . Sometimes Greek is used instead of Latin . Tisi degli Odassi issued a Carmenmacaronicum de Patavinis in 1490 . The real founder of the practice, however, was Teofilo
See also:Folengo (1491-1544), whose
See also:Liber Macaronices appeared in 1517 . Folengo (q.v.) was a
See also:monk, who escaped from his monastery and wandered through Italy, living a dissolute
See also:life, and supporting himself by his absurd verses, which he described as an attempt to produce in literature something like macaroni, a
See also:rude and rustic mixture of
See also:cheese and
See also:butter . He wrote under the pseudonym of Merlinus Coccaius, and his poem is an elaborate burlesque epic, in twenty-five books, or macaronea; it is an extraordinary medley of chivalrous feats, ridiculous and squalid adventures, and satirical allegory . Its effect upon the mind of
See also:Rabelais was so extraordinary that no examination of Pantagruel can be
See also:complete without a reference to it (cf . Gargantua, i . 19) . It was immediately imitated in Italy by a number of minor poets; and in France a writer whose real name was
See also:Antoine de la
See also:Sable, but who called himself
See also:Antonius de
See also:Arena (d . 1544), published at
See also:Avignon in 1573 a Meygra entrepriza, which was a burlesque account of
See also:Charles V.'s disastrous
See also:campaign in
See also:Provence . Folengo in Italy and Arena in France are considered as the macaronic
See also:classics .
In the 17thcentury, Joannes
See also:Frey (1580-1631) published a Recitus veritabilis, on a skirmish between the
See also:vine-growers of
See also:Rueil and the bowmen of
See also:Paris .
See also:Great popularity was achieved later still by an
See also:anonymous macaronic, entitled Funestissimus trepassus Micheli Morini, who died by falling off the branch of an
See also:tree: De branche in brancham degringolat, et faciens pouf Ex ormo cadit, et
See also:clunes obvertit Olympo .
See also:Moliere employed macaronic verse in the ceremonial scene with the doctors in Le Malade imaginaire .
See also:Works in macaronic
See also:prose are rarer . An
See also:Anti-Clopinus by Antony
See also:Hotman may be mentioned and the amusing Epistolae obscurorum virorum (1515) . Macaronic prose was not unknown as an artifice of serious oratory, and abounds (e.g.) in the sermons of Michel Menot (1440-1518), who says of the prodigal son, Emit
See also:sibi pulcheras caligas d'ecarlate, bien tirees . The use of true macaronies has never been frequent in Great Britain, where the only prominent example of it is the Polemo-Middinia ascribed to
See also:Drummond of Hawthornden . This
See also:short epic was probably composed early in the 17th century, but was not published until 1684 . The Polemo-Middinia follows the example set by Arena, and describes with burlesque solemnity a
See also:quarrel between two villages on the Firth of Forth . Drummond shows great ingenuity in the tacking on of Latin terminations to his
See also:Lowland Scots vernacular: Lifeguardamque sibi saevas vocat improba lassas, Maggaeam, magis doctam milkare cowaeas, Et doctam sweepare flooras, et sternere beddas, Quaeque novit spinnare, et longas ducere threedas . There is a certain macaronic character about many poems of
See also:Skelton and
See also:Dunbar, as well as the famous Barnabae itinerarium (1638) of
See also:Brathwait (1588-1673), but these cannot be considered legitimate specimens of the type as laid down by Folengo . See Ch .
See also:Nodier, Du Langage factice ¢ pele macaronique(1834); Genthe, Histoire de la poesie macaronique (1831) . (E .
MACARONI (from dialectic Ital. maccare, to bruise o...
MACARSCA (Serbo-Croatian, Makarska)
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