Online Encyclopedia

ERNST MACH (1838– )

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 232 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ERNST MACH (1838– ), Austrian physicist and psychologist, was born on the 18th of February '838 at Turas in Moravia, and studied at Vienna. He was professor of mathematics at Gratz (1864–1867), of physics at Prague (1867-1895), and of physics at Vienna (1895–1901). In 1879 and 188o as Rector Magnificus he fought against the introduction of Czech instead of German in the Prague University. In 1901 he was made a member of the Austrian house of peers. In philosophy he began with a strong predilection for the physical side of psychology, and at an early age he came to the conclusion that all existence is sensation, and, after a lapse into notimenalism under the influence of Fechner's. Psychophysics, finally adopted a universal physical phenomenalism. The Ego he considers not an entity sharply distinguished from the Non-ego, but merely, as it were, a medium of continuity of sensory impressions. His whole theory appears to be vitiated by the confusion of physics and psychology. WoRKs.—Kompendium der Physik fur Mediziner (Vienna, 1863) ; Einleitung in die Helmholtz'sche Musiktheorie (Gratz, 1866) ; Die Gesch. u. d. Wurzel d. Satzes von d. Erhaltung d. Arbeit (Prague, 1872) ; Grundlinien d. Lehre v. d. Bewegungsempfindungen (Leipzig, 1875) ; Die Mechanik in ihrer Entwickelung (Leipzig, 1883; rev. ed., 19o8; Eng. trans., T. J. McCormack, 19oz) ; Beitrage zur Analyse d. Emptiindungen (Jena, 1886), 5th ed., 1906, entitled Die Analyse d. Empfindungen; Leitfaden d. Physik fur Studierende (Prague, 1881, in collaboration) ; Popularwissenschaftliche Vorlesungen (3rd ed., Leipzig, 1903) ; Die Prinzipien d. Warmelehre (2nd ed., 1900) ; Eekenntnis and Irrtum (Leipzig, 1905).
End of Article: ERNST MACH (1838– )
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