See also:southern Chile extending from 470 S. to Cape
See also:Horn and including the mainland from the
See also:Argentine frontier to the Pacific
See also:coast, the islands extending along that coast, the Fuegian
See also:archipelago, and the western
See also:half of Tierra del Fuego .
See also:Area, about 71,127 sq. m.; pop . (1895), 5170 . It is one of the most inhospitable regions of the
See also:world, being exposed to
See also:westerly storms for most of the
See also:year . The islands are barren, but the mainland is covered with forests, practically inaccessible to exploitation because of the inclement
See also:climate and the wet spongy
See also:soil . The coast is indented with bays and fjords and affords remarkable scenery . There is little animal
See also:life on
See also:land, but the coast is frequented by the seal and
See also:otter and the sheltered
See also:waters by count-less sea-
See also:fowl . The only permanent settlements are at Punta Arenas, the capital, on the Straits of
See also:Magellan, Palomares on
See also:Mina Marta on Skyring Water, and Ultima Esperanza (Last Hope) on the east
See also:shore of Worsley Sound . All are east of the Andean ranges and partially sheltered from the westerly storms . In this sheltered region there are open plains where
See also:sheep are grazed . A few sheep ranges have been established on Tierra del Fuego . Some nomadic tribes of
See also:Indians inhabit Tierra del Fuego and the extreme southern end of the mainland, but their numbers are small .
See also:Coal has been found in the vicinity of Punta Arenas, and gold occurs . See The Voyage of the Adventure and Beagle (1839) .
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