See also:term especially used to
See also:express the dignity and power of a
See also:sovereign . This application is to be traced to the use of majestas in Latin to express the supreme sovereign dignity of the
See also:Roman state, the majestas reipublicae or populi Romani, hence majestatem laedere or minuere, was to commit high treason, crimen majestatis . (For the
See also:law and usage of laesa majestas, lese majeste, Majestittsbeleidigung, see TREASON.) From the republic majestas was transferred to the emperors, and the majestas populi Romani became the majestas imperii, and augustalis majestas is used as a term to express the sovereign
See also:person of the emperor . Honorius and
See also:Theodosius speak of themselves in the first person as nostra majestas . The term "
See also:majesty " was strictly confined in the
See also:middle ages to the successors of the Roman emperors in the West, and at the treaty of
See also:Cambrai (1529) it is reserved for the emperor
See also:Charles V . Later the word is used of
See also:kings also, and the distinction is made between imperial majesty (caesareana majestas) and kingly or royal majesty . From the 16th century
See also:dates the application of " Most Christian and Catholic Majesty " to the kings of France, of " Catholic Majesty " to the kings of Spain, of " Most Faithful Majesty " to the kings of
See also:Portugal, and " Apostolic Majesty " to the kings of Hungary . In England the use is generally assigned to the reign of
See also:Henry VIII., but it is found, though not in general usage, earlier; thus the New
See also:Dictionary quotes from an Address of the Kings Clerks to Henry II. in I171 (Materials for the
See also:History of Archbishop
See also:Becket, vii . 471, Rolls Series, 1885), where the
See also:king is styled vestra majestas, and
See also:Selden (Titles of
See also:part i. ch . 7, p . 98, ed . 1672) finds many early uses in letters to
See also:Edward I., in charters of creation of peers,,&c .
See also:form in English usage is " His Most Gracious'Majesty "; another form is " The King's Most Excellent Majesty," as in the English Prayer-
See also:book . " His Sacred Majesty " was
See also:common in the 17th century; and of this form Selden says: " It is true, I think, that in our memory or the memory of our fathers, the use of it first began in England." " His Majesty," abbreviated H.M., is now the universal
See also:European use in speaking of any reigning king, and " His Imperial Majesty," H.I.M., of any reigning emperor . From the particular and very early use of " majesty " for the
See also:glory and splendour of
See also:God, the term has been used in ecclesiastical
See also:art of the
See also:representation of God the
See also:Father enthroned in glory, sometimes with the other persons of the Trinity, and of the Saviour alone, enthroned with an aureole .
MAIZE, or INDIAN CORN
MAJLATH, JANOS, or JOHN, COUNT (1786-1855)
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