Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 450 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MAJLATH, JANOS, or JOHN, COUNT (1786-1855), Hungarian historian and poet, was born at Pest on the 5th of October 1786. First educated at home, he subsequently studied philosophy at Eger (Erlau) and law at GySr (Raab), his father, Count Joseph Majlath, an Austrian minister of state, eventually obtaining for him an appointment in the public service. Majlath devoted himself to historical research and the translation into German of Magyar folk-tales, and of selections from the works of the best of his country's native poets. Moreover, as an original lyrical writer, and as an editor and adapter of old German poems, Majlath showed considerable talent. During the greater part of his life he resided either at Pest or Vienna, but a few years before his death he removed to Munich, where he fell into a state of destitution and extreme despondency. Seized at last by a terrible infatuation, he and his daughter Henriette, who had long been his constant companion and amanuensis, drowned themselves in the Lake of Starnberg, a few miles south-west of Munich, on the 3rd of January 1855. Of his historical works the most important are the Geichichte der Magyaren (Vienna, 1828–1831, 5 vols. ; 2nd ed., Ratisbon, 1852–1853) and his Geschichte des osterreichischen Kaiserstaats (Hamburg, 1834–185o, 5 vols.). Specially noteworthy among his metrical translations from the Hungarian are the Magyarische Gedichte (Stuttgart and Tubingen, 1825); and Himfy's auserlesene Liebeslieder (Pest, 1829; 2nd ed., 1831). A valuable contribution to folk-lore appeared in the Magyarische Sagen, Marchen and Erzahlungen (Brunn, 1825; 2nd ed., Stuttgart and Tubingen, 1837, 2, vols.). II
End of Article: MAJLATH, JANOS, or JOHN, COUNT (1786-1855)
MAJESTY (Fr. majeste; Lat. majestas, grandeur, grea...

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