MAJOR (or MAIR),
See also:historical writer, was
See also:born at the
See also:village of Gleghornie, near
See also:Berwick, Scotland, in the
See also:year 1470 . He was educated at the school of Haddington, where
See also:John Knox was later a
See also:pupil . After a
See also:period spent at Cambridge (at
See also:House, afterwards Christ's
See also:College) he entered the university of
See also:Paris in 1493, studying successively at the colleges of St Barbe, Montaigu and
See also:Navarre, and graduating as
See also:master of arts in 1496 . Promoted to the doctorate in 1505, he lectured on philosophy at Montaigu College and on
See also:theology at Navarre . He visited Scotland in 1515 and returned in 1518, when he was appointed
See also:regent in the university of
See also:Glasgow, John Knox being among the number of those who attended his lectures there . In 1522 he removed to St Andrew's University, where 111.1525
See also:Buchanan was one of his pupils . He returned to the college of Montaigu in 1525, but was once more at St Andrew's in 1531, where he was
See also:head of St Salvator's College from 1534 until his
See also:death . Major's voluminous writings may be grouped under (a) logic and philosophy, (b) Scripture commentary, and (c)
See also:history . All are in Latin, all appeared between 1503 and 1530, and all were printed at Paris . The first
See also:group includes his Exponabilia (1503), his commentary on Petrus Hispanus (1505-1506), his Inclitarum artium libri (15o6, &c.), his commentary on J.
See also:oannes Dorp (1504, &c.), his Insolubilia (1516, &c.), his introduction to Aristotle's logic (1521, &c.), his commentary on the ethics (1530), and, chief of all, his commentary on
See also:Peter Lombard's Sentences (15o9, &c.); the second consists of a commentary on
See also:Matthew (1518) and another on the Four Gospels (1529); the last is represented by his famous Historia Majoris Britanniae
See also:tam Angliae quam Scotiae per J . M . (1521) .
See also:political philosophy he maintained the Scotist position, that
See also:civil authority was derived from the popular will, but in theology he was a scholastic conservative, though he never failed to show his approbation of
See also:Gallicanism and its plea for the reform of ecclesiastical abuses . He has
See also:left on record that it was his aim and hope to reconcile
See also:realism and
See also:nominalism in the interests of theological peace . He had a
See also:world-wide reputation as a teacher and writer . Buchanan's severe
See also:epigram, perhaps the only unfriendly words in the
See also:flood of contemporary praise, may be explained as a protest against the compromise which Major appeared to offer rather than as a
See also:personal attack on his teacher . Major takes a more
See also:independent attitude in his History, which is a remark-able example of historical accuracy and insight . He claims that the historian's chief
See also:duty is to write truthfully, and he is careful to show that a theologian may fulfil this
See also:condition . The History, on which his fame now rests, was reprinted by
See also:Free-bairn (
See also:Edinburgh, 1740), and was translated in 189z by Archibald
See also:Constable for the Scottish History Society . The latter
See also:volume contains a full account of the author by
See also:Aeneas J . G .
See also:Mackay and a bibliography by
See also:Law .
MAJOR (Lat. for " greater ")
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