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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 487 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MALER KOTLA, a native state of India, within the Punjab. It ranks as one of the Cis-Sutlej states, which came under British influence in 1809. The territory lies south of Ludhiana. Area, 167 sq. m. Pop. (1901), 77,506, showing an increase of 20A-in the decade. Estimated gross revenue, £30,100. The military force numbers 28o, men; and there is no tribute. The town Maier Kotla is 30 M. S. of Ludhiana; pop. (19o1), 21,122. The nawab or chief is of Afghan descent; his family originally came from Kabul, and occupied positions of trust in Sirhind under the Mogul emperors. They gradually became independent as the Mogul Empire sank into decay in the course of the 18th century. In General Lake's campaign against Holkar in 1805 the nawab of Maier Kotla sided with the British. After the subjugation and flight of Holkar, the English government succeeded to the power of the Mahrattas in the districts between the Sutlej and the Jumna; and in 1809 its protection was formally extended to Maier Kotla, as to the other Cis-Sutlej states, against the formidable encroachments of Ranjit Singh. In the campaigns of 18o6, 1807 and r8o8 Ranjit Singh had made considerable conquests across the Sutlej; in 18o8 he marched on Maier Kotla and demanded a ransom of £ro,000 from the nawab. This led to the interference of the British, who addressed an ultimatumto Ranjit Singh, declaring the Cis-Sutlej states to be under British protection. Finally the raja of Lahore submitted, and the nawab was reinstated in February 18oq. Owing to the mental incapacity of nawab Ibrahim All Khan, the state was administered in recent years for some time by the chief of Loharu; but his son, Ahmed Ali Khan, was made regent in February 1905. See Maler Kotla State Gazetteer (Lahore, 1908).
End of Article: MALER KOTLA

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