MALLARME , ST$PHANE (1842-1898),French poet and theorist, was
See also:born at
See also:Paris, on the 18th of
See also:March 1842 . His
See also:life was
See also:simple and without event . His small income as
See also:professor of
See also:English in a French
See also:college was sufficient for his needs, and, with his wife and daughter, he divided the
See also:year between a
See also:flat in Paris and a cottage on the
See also:banks of the
See also:Seine . His Tuesday evening receptions, which did so much to
See also:form the thought of the more interesting of the younger French men of letters, were almost as important a
See also:part of his career as the few carefully elaborated books which he produced at long intervals . L'Apres-midi d'un faun (1876) and other fragments of his
See also:verse and
See also:prose had been known to a few
See also:people long before the publication of the Poesies completes of 1887, in a facsimile of his clear and elegant
See also:handwriting, and of the Pages of 1891 and the Vers et prose of 1893 . His remarkable
See also:translation of poems of
See also:Poe appeared in 1888, " The Raven " having been published as early as 1875, with illustrations by
See also:Manet . Divagations, his own final edition of his prose, was published in 1897, and a more or less
See also:complete edition of the Poesies, posthumously, in 1899 . He died at Valvins,
See also:Fontainebleau, on the 9th of
See also:September 1898 . All his life Mallarme was in
See also:search of a new
See also:aesthetics, and his discoveries by the way were often admirable . But he was too critical ever to create freely, and too limited ever to create abundantly . His
See also:great achievement remains unfinished, and all that he
See also:left towards it is not of equal value . There are a few poems and a few pieces of imaginative prose which have the haunting quality of Gustave
See also:Moreau's pictures, with the same jewelled magnificence, mysterious and yet definite .
See also:work became more and more obscure, as he seemed to himself to have abolished limit after limit which holds back speech from the expression of the absolute . Finally, he abandoned
See also:punctuation in verse, and invented a new punctuation, along with a new construction, for prose .
See also:Patience in the study of so difficult an authorhas its
See also:reward . No one in our
See also:time has vindicated with more
See also:pride the self-sufficiency of the artist in his struggle with the material
See also:world . To those who knew him only by his writings his conversation was startling in its clearness; it was always, like all his work, at the service of a few dignified and misunderstood ideas . See also Paul
See also:Les Poetes maudits (1884) ; J . Lemaitre, Les Contemporains (5th series, 1891) ;
See also:Albert Moekel,
See also:Stephan Mallarme, un heros (1899) ; E . W . Gosse, French Profiles (19o5) and A . Symons, The Symbolist
See also:Movement in Literature (1900) . A complete bibliography is given in the Potes d'aujourd'hui (1880-1900, 1thed., 1905) of MM . A.
See also:van Bever and P .
Leautaud . (A .
FRANCOIS RENE AUGUSTE MALLARME (1755-i835)
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