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PAUL HENRI MALLET (173o–18o7)

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Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 492 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PAUL HENRI MALLET (173o–18o7), Swiss writer, was born of an old Huguenot family, was born near Geneva in 1749, the on the loth of August 1730, in Geneva. After having been son of a Protestant minister. He was educated at Geneva, and educated there, he became tutor in the family of the count of through the influence of Voltaire obtained a professorship at Calenberg in Saxony. In 1752 he was appointed professor of Cassel. He soon, however, resigned this post, and going to belles lettres to the academy at Copenhagen. He was naturally London joined H. S. N. Linguet in the production of his Annales attracted to the study of the ancient literature and history of his politiques (1778–1780). During Linguet's imprisonment in the adopted country, and in 1755 he published the first fruits of his Bastille Mallet du Pan continued the Annales by himself (178r–researches, under the title Introduction a l'histoire du Dane- 1783); but Linguet resented this on his release, and Mallet du marck oit l'on traite de la religion, des mceurs, des lois, et des usages Pan changed the title of his own publication to Memoires histodes anciens Danois. A second part, more particularly relating riques (1783). From 1783 he incoporated this work with the to the ancient literature of the country, Monuments de la mytho- Mercure de France in Paris, the political direction of which had logic et de la poesie des Celtes, et particulierement des anciens been placed in his hands. On the outbreak of the French Scandinaves, was issued in 1756, and was also translated into Revolution he sided with the Royalists, and was sent on a mission Danish. A translation into English, with notes and preface, by I (1791–1742) by Louis XVI. to Frankfort to try and secure the sympathy and intervention of the German princes. From Germany he travelled to Switzerland and from Switzerland to Brussels in the Royalist interest. He published a number of anti-revolutionary pamphlets, and a violent attack on Bonaparte and the Directory resulted in his being exiled in 1797 to Berne. In 1798 he came to London, where he founded the Mercure britannique. He died at Richmond, Surrey, on the loth of May 1800, his widow being pensioned by the English government. Mallet du Pan has a place in history as a pioneer of modern political journalism. His son JOHN LEWIS MALLET (1775—1861) spent a useful life in the English civil service, becoming secretary of the Board of Audit; and J. L. Mallet's second son, SIR Louts MALLET (1823—1890) also entered the civil service in the Board of Trade and rose to be a distinguished economist and a member of the Council of India. Mallet du Pan's Mimoires et correspondance was edited by A. Sayous (Paris, 1851). See Mallet du Pan and the French Revolution (1902), by Bernard Mallet, son of Sir Louis Mallet, author also of a biography of his father (1900).
End of Article: PAUL HENRI MALLET (173o–18o7)
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