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MALLET (or MALLOCH), DAVID (?17o5–1765)

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Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 491 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MALLET (or MALLOCH), DAVID (?17o5–1765), Scottish poet more congenial to his tastes led to his accompanying Lord and dramatist, the son of a Perthshire farmer, was born in that Mountstuart in his travels through Italy and thence to England, county, probably in 1705. In 1717 he went to the high school where he was presented at court and commissioned to write the at Edinburgh, and some three years later to the university, where history of the house of Brunswick. He had previously received he made the friendship of James Thomson, author of The a similar commission from the landgrave of Hesse-Cassel for the Seasons. As early as 1720 he began to publish short poems in preparation of a history of the house of Hesse, and both works the manner of the period, a number of which appeared during were completed in 1785. The quietude of a literary life was the next few years in collections such as the Edinburgh Miscellany rudely broken by the shock of the Revolution, to which he was and Allan Ramsay's Tea Table Miscellany, in which his ballad openly hostile. His leanings to the unpopular side were so " William and Margaret " was published in 1724. For some obnoxious to his fellow-citizens that he was obliged to quit his years from 1723 he was private tutor to the duke of Montrose's native country in 1792, and remained in exile till 18or. He died sons, with whom he travelled on the Continent in 1727. His real at Geneva, on the 8th of February 1807. name was Malloch; but this he changed to Mallet in 1724. In A memoir of his life and writings, by Sismondi, was published at 1735 he took the M.A. degree at Oxford. He had already made the Geneva in 1807. Besides the Introduction to the History of Denmark, friendship of Pope, whose vanity he flattered in a poem on Verbal his principal works are: Histoire du Danemarck (3 vols., Copenhagen, Criticism, in 1733; and through Pope he became acquainted 1758—1777); Histoire de la maison de Hesse (4 vols., 1767–1785); Histoire de la maison de Brunswick (4 vols., 17671785) ; Histoire de with Bolingbroke and other Tory politicians, especially those la maison et des etats du Mecklenbourg (1796) ; Histoire des Suisses ou attached to the party of the prince of Wales, who in 1742 ap- Helvetiens (4 vols., Geneva, 1803) (mainly an abridgment of J. von pointed Mallet to be his paid secretary. After Pope's death, in Miiller's great history) ; Histoire de la ligue hanseatique (1805). 1744, Mallet, at the instigation of Bolingbroke and forgetful of MALLET, ROBERT (1810–1881), Irish engineer, physicist and past favours and friendship, vilified the poet's memory, thereby geologist, was born in Dublin, on the 3rd of June ,81o. He was incurring the resentment of Pope's friends. For his services as educated at Trinity College in that city, and graduated B.A. in a party pamphleteer, in which character he published an attack 183o. Trained as an engineer, he was elected M.Inst.C.E. in on Admiral Byng, Mallet received from Lord Bute a lucrative 1842; he built in 1848–1849 the Fastnet Rock lighthouse, south-sinecure in 1760. He died on the 21st of April 1765. Mallet west of Cape Clear, and was engaged in other important works. was a small man, in his younger days something of a dandy and Devoting much attention to pure science, he became especially inordinately vain. He was twice married; by his first wife he distinguished for his researches on earthquakes, and from 1852–had a daughter, Dorothy, who married Pietro Paolo Celesia, a 1858 he was engaged (with his son John William Mallet) in the Genoese gentleman, and was the author of several poems and preparation of his great work, The Earthquake Catalogue of the plays, notably Almida, produced by Garrick at Drury Lane in British Association (1858). In 1862 he published two volumes, 1771. dealing with the Great Neapolitan Earthquake of x857 and The Mallet's own worksincluded several plays, some of which were First Principles of Observational Seismology. He then brought produced by Garrick, who was Mallet's personal friend. Eury- forward evidence to show that the depth below the earth's dice, a tragedy, with prologue and epilogue by Aaron Hill, was surface, whence came the impulse of the Neapolitan earthquake, produced at Drury Lane in 1731; Mustapha, also a tragedy, had was about 8 or 9 geographical miles. One of his most important considerable success at the same theatre in 1739; in 1740, in essays was that communicated to the Royal Society (Phil. Trans. collaboration with Thomson, he produced the masque Alfred, clxiii. 147; 1874), entitled Volcanic Energy: an Attempt to develop of which he published a new version in 1751, after Thomson's its True Origin and Cosmical Relations. He sought to show that death, claiming it to be almost entirely his own work. This volcanic heat may be attributed to the effects of crushing, con-masque is notable as containing the well-known patriotic song, tortion and other disturbances in the crust of the earth; the " Rule Britannia," the authorship of which has been attributed disturbances leading to the formation of lines of fracture, more to Mallet, although he allowed it to appear without protest in his or less vertical, down which water would find its way, and if the lifetime with Thomson's name attached. His other writings temperature generated be sufficient volcanic eruptions of steam include Poems on Several Occasions (1743); Amyntor and Theodora, or lava would follow. He was elected F.R.S. in 1854, and he or the Hermit (,747); another volume of Poems (1762). was awarded the Wollaston medal by the Geological Society of In 1759 a collected edition of Mallet's Works was published in three London in 1877. He died at Clapham, London, on the 5th of volumes; and in 1857 his Ballads and Songs were edited by F. November 1881. Dinsdale with notes, and a biographical memoir of the author. MALLET DU PAN, JACQUES (1749-1800), French journalist,
End of Article: MALLET (or MALLOCH), DAVID (?17o5–1765)
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