See also:Gibraltar, as well as other Mediterranean centres, characterized by prolonged high temperature, with anaemia,
See also:pain and swelling in the
See also:joints, and
See also:neuritis, lasting on an
See also:average four months but extending even to two or three years . Its pathology was long obscure, but owing to conclusive
See also:research on the
See also:part of Colonel (afterwards
See also:Bruce, to which contributions were made by various
See also:officers of the R.A.M.C. and others, this problem had now been solved . A specific micro-organism, the Micrococcus melitensis, was discovered in 1887, and it was traced to the milk of the Maltese goats . A commission was sent out to Malta in 1904 to investigate the question, and after three years'
See also:work its conclusions were embodied in a
See also:report by Colonel Bruce in 1907 . It was shown that the disappearance of the disease from Gibraltar had synchronized with the non-importation of goats from Malta; and preventive
See also:measures adopted in Malta in 1906, by banishing goats' milk from the military and
See also:dietary, put a stop to the occurrence of cases . In the treatment of Malta fever a vaccine has been used with considerable success . MALTE-BRUN,
See also:CONRAD (1755-1826), French geographer, was
See also:born on the 12th of
See also:August 1755 at Thisted in Denmark, and died at
See also:Paris on the 14th of
See also:December 1826 . His
See also:original name was Malte Conrad Bruun . While a student at
See also:Copenhagen he made himself famous partly by his verses,but more by the violence of his
See also:political pamphleteering; and at length, in 1800, the legal actions which the
See also:government authorities had from
See also:time to time instituted against him culminated in a
See also:sentence of banishment . The principles which he had advocated were those of the French Revolution, and after first seeking
See also:asylum in Sweden he found his way to Paris . There he looked forward to a political career; but, when
See also:personal ambition began to unfold itself, Malte-Brun was bold enough to protest, and to turn elsewhere for employment and
See also:advancement . He was associated with Edme Mentelle (1930-1815) in the compilation:of the Geographic mathematique .
. . de toutes
See also:les parties du monde (Paris, 1803-1807, 16 vols.), and he became recognized as one of the best geographers of France . He is remembered, not only as the author of six volumes of the learned Precis de la geographie universe;'le (Paris,1810-1829), continued by other hands after his
See also:death, but also as the originator of the Annales
See also:des voyages (18o8), and one of the founders of the
See also:Geographical Society of Paris . His second son, VICTOR ADOLPHE MALTE-BRUN (1816-1889), followed his
See also:father's career of geographer, and was a voluminous author .
THOMAS ROBERT MALTHUS (1766-1834)
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