Online Encyclopedia

MAMMON

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 530 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MAMMON  , a word of Aramaic origin meaning " riches." The

etymology is doubtful; connexions with a word meaning " en-trusted," or with the
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Hebrew matmon, treasure, have been suggested . "Mammon," Gr . µaµwvas (see Professor Eb . Nestle in Ency . Bib. s.v.), occurs in the Sermon on the Mount (Matt . Vi . 24) and the parable of the Unjust Steward (Luke xvi . 9-13) . The Authorized Version keeps the
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Syriac word . Wycliffe uses " richessis." The New
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English
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Dictionary quotes Piers Plowman as containing the earliest personification of the name . Nicholaus de Lyra (commenting on the passage in Luke) says that Mammon est nomen daemonis . There is no trace, however, of any Syriac
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god of such a name, and the
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common identification of the name with a god of covetousness or avarice is chiefly due to Milton (Paradise Lost, i .

678) .

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Additional information and Comments

Mammon is only mentioned in the Bible by Jesus. And, the only god, or Mammon, which Jesus could have been referring to was Caesar, since Caesar's money inscription claimed he was a god. And so, it was after his sermon on the mount that Jesus was tested about paying taxes to Caesar.
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