Online Encyclopedia

MAMORE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 533 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MAMORE, a large river of Bolivia which unites with the Beni in 10° 2o' S. to form the Madeira, one of the largest tributaries of the Amazon. It rises on the northern slope of the Sierra de Cochabamba east of the city of Cochabamba, and is known as the Chimore down to its junction with the Chapare, or Chapari. Its larger tributaries are the Chapare, Secure, Apere and Yacuma from the west, and the Ichila, Guapay or Grande, Ivari and Guapore from the east. Taking into account its length only, the Guapay should be considered the upper part of the Mamore; but it is shallow and obstructed, and carries a much smaller volume of water. The Guapore, or Itenez, also rivals the Mamore in length and volume, having its source in the Serra dos Parecis, Matto Grosso, Brazil, a few miles from streams flowing north-ward to the Tapajos and Amazon, and southward to the Paraguay and Parana. The Mamore is interrupted by rapids a few miles above its junction with the Beni, but a railway 18o m. long has been undertaken from below the rapids of the Madeira. Above the rapids the river is navigable to Chimore, at the foot of the sierra, and most of its tributaries are navigable for long distances. Franz Keller (in The Amazon and Madeira Rivers; New York, 1874) gives the outflow of the Mamore at mean water level, and not including the Guapore, as 2530 cub. in. per second, and the area of its drainage basin, also not including the Guapore, as 9382 sq. m. See Edward D. Mathews, Up the Amazon and Madeira Rivers (London, 1879).
End of Article: MAMORE
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